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03 September 2010

First aid for head injuries

Head injury or Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) occurs when a sudden physical assault on the head causes damage to the brain.

Summary

  • Head injury or Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) occurs when a sudden physical assault on the head causes damage to the brain.
  • The damage can be confined to one area of the brain or involving more than one area of the brain.
  • Head Injuries can result from a closed head injury or a penetrating head injury.
  • Symptoms may include headache, nausea, confusion, a change in personality, depression and irritability.
  • Persons with head injury need a systematic yet rapid evaluation.

A closed head injury occurs when the head suddenly and violently hits an object, without the object breaking through the skull. A penetrating head injury occurs when an object pierces the skull and enters the brain tissue.

Reviewed by Dr Andrew Rose-Innes, Yale University School of Medicine.

 
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