On 13 March 2018, Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs Minister Zweli Mkhize declared the prevailing water crisis affecting multiple provinces a national state of disaster.
As the water crisis in South Africa continues, recycling waste water could be the answer – but people are wondering if it will taste different.
Results of a blind taste test suggest that it's unlikely
Alternative sources of water like desalinisation, recycling and groundwater will be employed.
Although research has shown that recycled wastewater is safe, people are often repulsed by the taste.
"It seems that this term [wastewater], and the idea of recycled water in general, evokes disgust reactions," said study author Daniel Harmon, a graduate student in psychology from the University of California, Riverside.
"It is important to make recycled water less scary to people who are concerned about it, as it is an important source of water now and in the future," Harmon said in a university news release.
He and his colleagues asked 143 people to compare the taste of IDR tap water, conventional groundwater tap water and bottled water.
Years of drought in California have given momentum to household use of recycled wastewater. Six water agencies in the state already use wastewater that's produced through a technology called indirect potable reuse (IDR), the University of California, Riverside, researchers noted.
"The groundwater was not as well liked as IDR or bottled water," said study co-author Mary Gauvain, a professor of psychology.
The study was recently published in the journal Appetite.
"We think that happened because IDR and bottled water go through remarkably similar treatment processes, so they have low levels of the types of tastes people tend to dislike," she said.
Women prefer bottled water
Looking at personality types, the researchers found that nervous and insecure people tended to prefer IDR and bottled water.
Also, people who were more open to new experiences rated the three types of water about the same. And women were two times more likely to prefer bottled water than men.
"We think this research will help us find out what factors people pay attention to in their water decisions, and what populations need to be persuaded to drink IDR water and how to persuade them," Harmon said.
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