Running shoes for road use are designed primarily to provide cushioning and shock absorption to minimise jarring to the bone structure and joint.
The size and shape of the wedge creates “stability” or “motion control” in varying degrees to meet the needs of various foot types.
Trail or off-road running
Trail or off-road running have become increasingly popular in cities with access to trails, forest and mountain paths. Incorporating cushioning features similar to road shoes, trail shoes have soles with better grip, additional robust support around the heel and are heavier due to the use of anti-scuffing rubberised materials. They are usually distinguished by their darker colours. Trail running shoes are also ideal for most types of off-road hiking.