Children still skip rope and play pickup ball games, but today's parents also organise play-dates, fitness lessons and gym classes to keep their kids active and safe.
Almost 17% of U.S. children and adolescents were obese in 2009-10, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Many adults willingly suffer to banish love handles, but children insist on having a good time. So making fitness fun is key, experts say, along with starting early.
"We used to simply play outside," said Dr Avery Faigenbaum, a paediatric exercise scientist, professor and researcher at the College of New Jersey. "Some parks and playgrounds are too unsafe. We need programmes but we need to be sure they're developmentally appropriate."
Exercise easy for kids
Just as learning a language is easier when it is started as a child, the same is true for movement, according to Faigenbaum.
Total body movements, as in dance and martial arts are ideally suited to young children, he added, especially when performed under the guidance of an instructor who can connect with children.
"Those are skills children can carry over for life," he said.
Jodi B Komitor, a former elementary school teacher and the founder of "Next Generation Yoga," teaches yoga to children starting at 18 months.
"Children learn through movement and yoga is a movement-based science that's been around for over 5000 years," said Komitor. "A lot of parents tell us their kids start doing downward dog naturally," she added, referring to the yoga pose.
Komitor designed her first studio for kids' yoga, in New York, after the Wizard of Oz. Unlike adult yoga sessions, which cultivate quietness, her children's classes are often noisy and always age-specific. Classes have a foundation of yoga poses and incorporate playfulness and self-expression.
Hiding the medicine in the candy
Much as Zumba, the Latin-based dance/fitness craze, purported to hide the fitness in the party, Zumba CEO Alberto Perlman likes to say that Zumbatomic, the dance classes designed for kids ages 4-12, hides the medicine in the candy.
"With younger kids class is not only about fitness but also about developing motor skills," said Perlman.
Ashley Walters runs the Kid Action program at Streb in Brooklyn, New York. The program, based on the choreography of founder Elizabeth Streb, intertwines dance, athletics, boxing, rodeo and circus skills.
"For five-to-seven-year-olds we teach a lot of beginner gymnastic skills. Kids love slamming and falling and we teach them how to fall," said Walters, adding they tumble onto thick mats. "Kids are always trying to do things like this on their beds."
Faigenbaum believes that movement training should begin at the preschool level. At seven or eight the child is usually ready for sport and some strength conditioning.
He added that research shows that children who have developed their motor skills, such as throwing, running, kicking, hopping, twisting, are more likely to be remain active as adults.
"The obese child is likely to become the obese adolescent," he added.
Although children may not want to follow mom and dad to the gym, experts say youngsters still need at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity a day, every day.
"TV is nothing more than an obesity machine," said Faigenbaum. "The best treatment is prevention. As soon as a child can walk we should engage them in activity breaks - 10 to 15 minutes when they are up and moving."
He urged parents to take an activity history of their child.
"Ask them every day: how active were you today? Were you breathing hard?" he said. "Anyone can make a child tired. What's challenging is to keep them engaged, teach them something new."
(Reuters Health, September 2012)
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