28 May 2012

Exercise helps older adults stay fit

People tend to exercise less as they grow older, but keeping physically active is essential for remaining healthy and independent, an expert says.


People tend to exercise less as they grow older, but keeping physically active is essential for remaining healthy and independent, an expert says.

"Exercise is important for almost everyone. There are very few medical conditions that exercise won't benefit. In fact, I sometimes write a prescription to get my patients to start taking this seriously and help them understand exercise can be just as helpful as medication," said Dr Keith Veselik, director of primary care at Loyola University Health System.

Ageing can present challenges to exercise, so Veselik offers suggestions on how to deal with certain issues.

Muscle and joint aches and pains start becoming more noticeable in your 50s, so you may need to try cardiovascular exercises that boost your heart rate but are easy on the joints. For example, try swimming or cycling instead of running. If you do run, invest in good shoes that cushion the impact.

Cardiovascular exercise helps prevent medical problems such as heart disease, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. But if you've been inactive, you need to talk to your doctor, ask about risk factors and create a cardiovascular exercise plan that's right for you.

Protect the back with exercise

Back pain is another common problem among people in their 50s.

"The best way to protect your back is to build strong core muscles and make sure you are lifting heavy objects correctly," Veselik advised.

Balance and leg-strengthening exercises should be emphasised as people enter their 60s, to increase flexibility and help prevent accidental falls. Weight-bearing exercises are critical to keep bones healthy and prevent osteoporosis.

Many adults in their 60s have symptoms of arthritis, which can make exercise difficult.

"Exercise has been proven to help people deal with their arthritis. It's just making sure your exercise routine is working for you, not against you. Some people forget that walking is a great form of exercise - just make sure you get your heart rate up. Also, aquatic classes or swimming are a great way for people with arthritis or fibromyalgia to exercise," Veselik said.

"The biggest worry I hear from my patients who are entering their 70s, 80s and beyond is dementia. The two most common forms are Alzheimer's and vascular dementia," he said.

And, he added, exercise may help prevent those conditions.

"Exercise is important, but it's not the end all. It needs to be coupled with eating right and incorporating other healthy habits to lead to a better quality of life," Veselik concluded.

Read more:
20 proven exercise benefits

More information

The U.S. National Institute on Aging has more about exercise and physical activity.

(Copyright © 2012 HealthDay. All rights reserved.)




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