03 March 2011

Blood clot in the lung 'rare'

Serena Williams has had two new health scares: a blood clot in the lungs followed by a haematoma.

Serena Williams' absence from tennis could stretch to almost a year after two new health scares - a blood clot in her lungs followed by a haematoma - have added to her injury woes.

What are pulmonary embolisms?

  • Genetically inherited – Factor V Leiden, the most frequent hereditary blood coagulation disorder, increases the risk of venous thrombosis
  • Trauma to the leg – bleeding in the muscle, caused by a possible trauma to the leg, could lead to DVT, which can cause pulmonary emboli
  • “Economy syndrome” – Sitting still during long flights has proved to cause DVT
  • Anabolic steroids – According to Bolliger, body builders and weight lifters have acquired pulmonary emboli due to the use of anabolic steroids
  • Smoking – especially when combined with genetic proneness to pulmonary emboli
  • Unhealthy lifestyle – An obese and/or unfit individual would be more prone to this condition than a fit athlete.




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