The leader of the World Anti-Doping Agency challenged countries to model their drug-fighting efforts after the United States, where sports leaders and law enforcement have worked together since the BALCO scandal to catch cheaters.
"The challenge I gave them was, try to be as good as the United States," Howman said.
Could there be incentives for national anti-doping agencies to not catch cheats, because catching them prevents countries from boasting spotless records?
What are countries doing to combat black-market drug sales that he estimates could make up 25% of the pharmaceutical industry?
Has the advent of sophisticated "biological passports" - a testing system that gauges athletes against their own baseline readings instead of standardised numbers - actually served to create more effective and sophisticated cheaters?