Our expert says:
Excessive use of sugar, sweetened foods and beverages and highly refined sugars and starches (cakes, sweets, etc) can 'exhaust' the insulin production of the pancreas and could cause type 2 diabetes. Other factors that play a role are: genetics, lack of exercise, stress, obesity and increasing age. You can decrease the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by using a low-fat, low-glycaemic index (GI) diet.It is essential for anyone with insulin resistance (IR), which is the precursor to type 2 diabetes, to consult a clinical dietitian, because the correct diet is one of the most important factors in treatment. Visit the Association for Dietetics in SA Website at: www.adsa.org.za and click on "Find a Dietitian" to find a dietitian in your area. The dietitian will take your IR and other conditions such as overweight, into account when working out a diet for you, which will be based on low-fat foods with a low glycaemic index (GI). Click on 'Diet' and 'Weight loss' and 'The Glycaemic Index' and read the articles on the GI. Also click on ‘Food as Medicine' on the Diet Site and then on ‘Type 2 diabetes’. Regular daily aerobic exercise for at least 30 min per day can also help you to improve your insulin and glucose levels, so start doing an aerobic exercise (running, jogging, skipping, cycling, swimming, join a gym or Walk for Life).
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