Our expert says:
Hi Anna, thank you for the question.
Your most important topical product is a good SPF - 50 or higher that contains zinc oxide and/or titanium dioxide applied several times daily. One should also try and practice sun avoidance as much as possible (hats, umbrellas, etc.).
Specific ingredients that help to reduce pigmentation include alphahydroxy acids, polyhydroxy acids, vitamin C, vitamin A (or its derivatives), vitamin E, bearberry extract, liquorice extract, & kojic acid. Further improvements can be achieved with glycolic acid peels and adding either a 2% or 4% hydroquinone to the topical regime. All of the above ingredients can be found in one form or another with NeoStrata, Environ, Nimue, SkinCeuticals, etc.
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