Our expert says:
For more info see : http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/graves-disease/DS00181
They will usually treat this with medication, unless the treatment does not work or is too uncomfortable for the patient. Other options are to give radioactive treatment to radiate the thyroid, reducing the hyperactivity. Usually they monitor the nodules, and if a patient has a cold single nodule the risk of cancer is higher than when the patient has multiple nodules. If a specific nodule enlarges, the doctor will take a needle biopsy to exclude cancer. Graves is an auto-immune disease - his own antibodies attack his thyroid tissue and the medication that he is taking is just symptomatic. You can take immune suppressing medication to reduce the antibody reaction - this is best managed by a rheumatologist or physician specializing in endocrine diseases.
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