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Question
Posted by: Ang | 2005/11/23

Fertility

Hi Doc,
Does smoking really have an impact on fertility - both male and female and if you stop smoking how quickly do you think it will make a difference. Also while doing IVF cycles should neither of you have any alcohol? Any other lifestyle tips during IVF cyles?

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Our expert says:
Expert ImageFertility expert

Dear Ang

Excessive smoking, i.e in excess of 20 cigarettes per day, is strongly associated with fertility problems . The nicotene in cigarette smoke interefers with certain important enzymes such as cytochrome B450 which can interfere with not only the quality of eggs and sperm but the embryo implantation.

Alcohol consumption, although certainly less of a problem than smoking, can cause embryo damage and result in what is called the fetal alcohol syndrome. I would therefore recommend that both smoking and alcohol use be avoided during any fertility treatment program if possible. With regards to lifestyle tips, any method which will alleviate stress and anxiety should be considered . Such methods should be individualised and instituted according to a couples preference.

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