Our expert says:
Firstly are you sure the dog is fitting
There are usually 4 clear phases in a fitting animal :
Phase 1 - the prodromal phase : abnormal behaviour. Can last for several hours.
Phase 2 - the aura - a very short-lasting period of unusual behaviour just before the seizures
Phase 3 - the ictus or fit - uncontrollable limb movements, often the head is extended backwards, there is increased salivation, chomping of the jaws and vocalisation. Often animals lose control of their bowels and of their urinary bladder during this phase. It usually only last 2-3 minutes, but the fits can recur very rapidly inducing a state of continuous fitting (status epilepticus)
Phase 4 - the postictus - animals are dazed, disorientated, stagger about and show altered behaviour such as an inability to recognize familiar people during the 2-3 hours following a fit.
There are many causes to fitting. Generally they can be classifies as follows:
Inside the Skull a) structural lesion - e.g. encephalitis, traumatic injury, space occupying lesion b) non-structural lesion i.e idiopathic epilepsy
Outside the skull a) liver failure - high blood amonium b) End stage kidney failure c) Poisoning - various toxins d) hypoglycaemia - low blood sugar levels
Certain breeds that maybe genetically predisposed to idiopathic epilepsy includes German Shepard Dogs.
Complications can arise especially if the fitting is prolonged(status epilepticus) as this can result in permanent brain damage with associated changes in behaviour. Prolonged status epilepticus can be fatal.
Diagnosis is confirmed based on a proper clinical examination, Lab diagnostics and imaging techniques. The latter is very expensive.
Generally we treat if we get more than 1 epileptic fits in a period of 3 mths. The drug that is commonly used is Phenobarb with diazipam being used to control status epilepticus.
If you are unhappy then I think that you need to seek a second opinion.
I hope this information is of use.
The medication that you are on is an antibiotic. I would advise that you revisit the vet and ask for further testing or to prescribe the medication as indicated and see what happens
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