Our expert says:
I was so excited yesterday and mighty impressed by our Bafana's performance - they have such incredible courage. Emaciation refers to a sub-normal body weight with a BMI below 18 and various other parameters. Externally the patient has protruding bones, hollow cheeks, sunken eyes, a limp, clammy skin and is listless, very tired and incapable of doing most normal tasks (even climbing stairs is an effort, etc). Biochemically most serum values would be low - haemoglobin, proteins, etc. The patient in question has a BMI of 14,9 which for an adult is dangerously low. If the patient is a woman, then her ideal BMI would be about 22 for which she would need to weigh 60,7 kg. She is thus 19,7 or 20 kg underweight and her present weight only represents 67,5% of her desired weight. You don't mention what has caused this extreme emaciation? If it is self-induced due to anorexia or bulimia then she needs to receive liquid meal supplements in addition to a normal high-kilojoule diet and urgent treatment by a psychologist and a dietitian.
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