Our expert says:
Hi Leila, thank you for the question.
Birthmarks are typically formed as an irregularity on the skin which is present at birth or appears shortly after birth, usually in the first month. They can occur anywhere on the skin. Birthmarks are caused by overgrowth of blood vessels, melanocytes (pigment cells), smooth muscle, fat, fibroblasts, or keratinocytes.
They typically are divided into two broad groups:
Pigmented birthmarks caused by excess skin pigment cells include moles, café-au-lait spots, and Mongolian spots.
Vascular birthmarks (also called red birthmarks) are caused by increased blood vessels and include macular stains (salmon patches), hemangiomas, and Port-wine stains.
Most birthmarks can be treated using lasers that target either the veins or the pigment and occasionally when both are present; my advice would be to consult with your family physician or a dermatologist who can examine the birthmark and guide you in the best treatment options.
The information provided does not constitute a diagnosis of your condition. You should consult a medical practitioner or other appropriate health care professional for a physical exmanication, diagnosis and formal
advice. Health24 and the expert accept no responsibility or liability for any damage or personal harm you may suffer resulting from making use of this content.