Proper food storage is essential to prevent food borne
illnesses, the US Food and Drug Administration says.
Keeping foods chilled at proper temperatures is one of
the best ways to prevent or slow the growth of bacteria
that can make you and others sick, the agency said in a consumer update.
Refrigerate or freeze perishable foods as soon as
possible. Never allow meat, poultry, seafood, eggs, produce or other foods that
require refrigeration to sit at room temperature for more than two hours. The
limit is one hour if the temperature is above 32 degrees Celsius. This also includes
leftovers, take-out foods and "doggie bags".
When putting food away, don't crowd the refrigerator
or freezer so tightly that air can't circulate. Keep your appliances at the
proper temperatures – at or below 4 degrees Celsius for the refrigerator and -17
degrees Celsius for the freezer.
Check storage directions of food labels. Many items
other than meats, vegetables and dairy products need to be kept cold. If
something wasn't properly refrigerated, it's usually best to throw it out, the
FDA said.Harmful bacteria
Consume ready-to-eat foods such as lunch meats as soon
as possible. The longer they're stored in the refrigerator, the greater the
risk that harmful bacteria can grow.
Be alert for spoiled food and throw out anything that
looks or smells suspicious.
If you lose electricity, keep refrigerator and freezer
doors closed as much as possible. Your refrigerator will keep food cold for
about four hours if it's unopened. A full freezer will keep a safe temperature
for about 48 hours if the door is not opened.
Checked canned goods for damage, which is evident by
swelling, leakage, punctures, holes, fractures, extensive deep rusting, or
crushing or denting severe enough to prevent normal stacking or opening with a
manual, wheel-type opener. Newly bought cans with damage should be returned to
the store for a refund or exchange and older ones should be thrown away.
Don't store foods, such as potatoes or onions, under
the sink. Leakage from the pipes can damage the food. Store potatoes and onions
in a cool, dry place. Never store food near household cleaning products and
The US Department of Agriculture has more about food safety.