It is not just new mothers who suffer post-natal depression. New fathers are just as likely to experience the anxiety, stress and depression commonly called the baby blues, according to Australian researchers.
"What surprised us was that we were seeing rates of problems at the same level as what we were seeing in the mothers," chief researcher Jan Nicholson said of the groundbreaking study. "That was a surprise. We simply haven't looked for this before."
Professor Nicholson is research director at Melbourne's Parenting Research Centre and the study is published in the latest issue of the journal Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.
Baby blues are symptoms of anxiety
She defined the baby blues as symptoms of being anxious, being worried, and feeling stressed, feeling unable to cope, feeling blue and despairing of things getting better.
The team looked at mental health data for 5,000 new mothers up until their child turned 5 and at questionnaires returned by 3 471 of the fathers.
In the first year of the child's life, 9.7% of fathers reported symptoms of post-natal depression compared with 9.4% of mothers - a statistically insignificant difference.
"We were able to determine that new fathers have a higher rate of these problems, a 40% higher rate, than men generally who are of a similar age and background," Nicholson said.
Men with lower incomes were at a 70% higher risk and the younger the father the higher the risk.
Not only young moms get baby blues
Those who displayed high levels of psychological stress when their babies were infants were much more likely to still be reporting psychological problems when their children were two and when they were four.
Nicholson said that the study highlighted the need to get rid of the idea that only young mothers get the baby blues.
"There's often an assumption that with mothers their distress is related to biological changes, but also that early life services are very much geared around mothers and babies, and we really haven't looked at fathers closely before to see what's going on with them," she said.
"We think that to the extent that we have services that are geared to supporting women, given that the rate is the same for men, we should be having similar efforts going into supporting men."
(Sapa, May 2012)
Battling baby blues