Home > Parenting > News Updated 28 May 2014 Birthing fears predict postpartum depression Women with prenatally diagnosed fear of childbirth are at an increased risk of postpartum depression, according to a Finnish study. 0 iStock ASK The Paediatrician » Follow Health24 on Facebook » Quiz Are you ready for a baby? » Subscribe Parenting newsletter » How to stimulate your baby How to massage a new baby Expectant women with prenatally diagnosed fear of childbirth are at an increased risk of postpartum depression, according to a study of over 500 000 mothers in Finland. Women with a history of depression are at the highest risk of postpartum depression. Read: Know the signs of postpartum depressionThe fact that fear of childbirth puts women without a history of depression at an approximately three times higher risk of postpartum depression is a new observation which may help health care professionals in recognising postpartum depression. The results were published recently in BMJ Open. In Finland, postpartum depression was diagnosed in 0.3% of all mothers delivering a singleton birth in 2002–2010. The risk of postpartum depression is highest after the first childbirth. Postpartum depression was diagnosed in 5.3% of women with a history of depression, while approximately one-third of women experiencing postpartum depression had no history of depression. Risk factors In these women, physician-diagnosed fear of childbirth during pregnancy was discovered to nearly triple the risk of postpartum depression. Other risk factors included Caesarean section, pre-term birth and major congenital anomaly.Read more on postpartum depression:• How poor sleep increases postpartum depression • How fish oil fights postpartum depression • Why winter may be linked to postpartum depression Giving birth is a powerful experience both physically and mentally, and a variety of emotions are present.As much as 50–80% of women suffer from baby blues after birth, and some women develop postpartum depression, the severity of which may range from minor symptoms to psychotic depression. The consequences of postpartum depression may be severe. For example, postpartum depression may affect the mother's abilities and skills to engage in delicate interaction with the child, and thus impair the development of an attachment relationship – possibly affecting the child's later development and well-being. Women with a history of depression are known to be at a higher risk of postpartum depression, but it has been difficult to predict the risk of women not belonging to this risk group. According to the researchers, the observed link between fear of childbirth and postpartum depression may help health care professionals in recognising postpartum depression. The study provides strong evidence, as it relies on diagnosis-based data on postpartum depression.Read more about fear of childbirth:• How fear of childbirth increases choice of C-section • Why women who fear childbirth endure longer labour EurekAlert NEXT ON HEALTH24X More kids and teens heading to ER with headaches 2016-10-24 15:42 More: ParentingNews advertisement Read Health24’s Comments Policy Comment on this story 0 comments Comments have been closed for this article. Logout Comment 0 characters remaining Share on Facebook Loading comments... From our sponsors 10 facts about diabetes and insulin you need to know How to care for your vaginal flora JHB - Free Caregiver Workshop with TENA experts - 15 February JHB - Free home visit and assessment with a TENA nurse advisor Live healthier Hello? » SEE: Interesting facts about hearing loss Earworms: Let it go Is it bad to sleep with earplugs all the time? SEE: Do women hear better than men? The reason why men often appear not to be listening could be because they actually can't hear you. Confident smile? » Acidic drinks can harm your kids' smiles The facts on bleaching your teeth Am I taking good care of my teeth? Why are my teeth stained? We know the rules – brush your teeth twice a day and floss to keep them healthy. But, have you ever wondered what causes those stains that sometimes appear?