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Updated 18 February 2013

Jasmine (Jasminum spp.)

Jasmine (Jasminum spp.) is a woody, perennial climbing plant that is well known for its sweet, highly scented flowers. The flowers and oil are used in perfumes, essential oils, food flavorings, and tea.

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RELATED TERMS

Catalonian jasmine, common jasmine, common white jasmine, Italian jasmine, jasmin, jasmine flower, Jasmini Flos, Jasminum, Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum officinale, jati, jessamine, mo li hua, pikake (Hawaiian), poet's jasmine, poet's jessamine, royal jasmine, sambac (Pilipino) , Spanish jasmine, yasmin (Persian), yeh-hsi-ming.

BACKGROUND

Jasmine (Jasminum spp.) is a woody, perennial climbing plant that is well known for its sweet, highly scented flowers. The flowers and oil are used in perfumes, essential oils, food flavorings, and tea.

Jasmine flower has been used in aromatherapy for depression, nervousness, coughs, relaxation, and tension. Early studies have shown that jasmine may help with alertness and memory improvement.

EVIDENCE TABLE

Conditions

Uses
disclaimer: These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.
Grade*

Alertness

Jasmine is commonly used in aromatherapy as a relaxing, yet stimulating herb. However, preliminary study did not show an increase in alertness in subjects who used jasmine essential oil. More research is needed in this area.

C

Lactation suppression

In the Ayurvedic tradition, jasmine has been used to reduce the secretion of breast milk. Early human study found that application of jasmine flowers to the breast decreased breast engorgement and milk production. More higher-quality studies are needed to confirm these results.

C

Memory improvement

Early human studies have not shown a benefit of jasmine scent for memory recall. More research is needed in this area.

C

Stroke

Limited population study found that tea drinking may decrease risk of stroke; however, use of jasmine tea had less of an effect than black or green teas. This indicates that the reduction of stroke risk may not be related to jasmine. Additional study using jasmine alone is needed to make a conclusion.

C

*Key to grades: A: Strong scientific evidence for this use; B: Good scientific evidence for this use; C: Unclear scientific evidence for this use; D: Fair scientific evidence against this use (it may not work); F: Strong scientific evidence against this use (it likely does not work).

TRADITION

The below uses are based on tradition, scientific theories, or limited research. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below. Acne, air purification, amenorrhea (lack of menstruation), anger, antibacterial, antifungal, antiseptic, antiviral, aphrodisiac (especially in women), aromatherapy, astringent, breast milk stimulant, burning eyes, calming, cancer, canker sores, childbirth, conjunctivitis, constipation, corns, cough, depression, ear discharge, earache, exhaustion, eye disorders, facial paralysis, fragrance, gas, hair growth, headaches, hearing loss, heart rate abnormalities, high blood pressure, hoarseness, impotence, infections, insect bites, insomnia, laryngitis, leprosy, liver disease, liver inflammation, loose teeth, menstrual flow stimulant, mood enhancement, muscle spasms, muscle tension, nervous system function, painful menstruation, palpitations, paralysis, parasitic worm infections, premenstrual syndrome, pruritus, respiratory tract mucous membrane inflammation, sedative, skin inflammation, sprains, sterility, stress, sunstroke, toothache, ulcers, urinary disorders, uterine disorders, wound healing.

DOSING

disclaimer: The below doses are based on scientific research, publications, traditional use, or expert opinion. Many herbs and supplements have not been thoroughly tested, and safety and effectiveness may not be proven. Brands may be made differently, with variable ingredients, even within the same brand. The below doses may not apply to all products. You should read product labels, and discuss doses with a qualified healthcare provider before starting therapy.

Adults (18 years and older)

Jasmine has been taken by mouth as a tea or tincture. Jasmine essential oil is used in aromatherapy. Jasmine essential oil should not be taken by mouth.

Children (under 18 years old)

There is no proven safe or effective dose for jasmine, and use in children is not recommended.

SAFETY

disclaimer: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration does not strictly regulate herbs and supplements. There is no guarantee of strength, purity or safety of products, and effects may vary. You should always read product labels. If you have a medical condition, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you should speak with a qualified healthcare provider before starting a new therapy. Consult a healthcare provider immediately if you experience side effects.

Allergies

Avoid with a known allergy or sensitivity to jasmine, it constituents, or members of the Oleaceae family, or with a known allergy or sensitivity to fragrances such as ylang-ylang, lemongrass, narcissus, and sandalwood.

Side Effects and Warnings

When essential oils, including jasmine essential oil, are consumed orally, they are potentially unsafe as they are extremely potent and can be poisonous.

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Jasmine is not recommended in pregnant or breast feeding women. When jasmine flowers are applied to the breast, breast milk production may stop.

INTERACTIONS

disclaimer: Most herbs and supplements have not been thoroughly tested for interactions with other herbs, supplements, drugs, or foods. The interactions listed below are based on reports in scientific publications, laboratory experiments, or traditional use. You should always read product labels. If you have a medical condition, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you should speak with a qualified healthcare provider before starting a new therapy.

Interactions with Drugs

Jasmine may cause low blood pressure. Caution is advised in patients taking drugs that lower blood pressure.

Jasmine may also have additive effects when taken with antifungals, anti-anxiety drugs, and diuretics.

Interactions with Herbs and Dietary Supplements

Jasmine may cause low blood pressure. Caution is advised in patients taking herbs or supplements that lower blood pressure.

Jasmine may also have additive effects when taken with antifungals, anti-anxiety herbs or supplements, and diuretics.

ATTRIBUTION

This information is based on a systematic review of scientific literature edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration (www.naturalstandard.com).

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  • Chen, Z, Li, Y, Zhao, LC, et al. [A study on the association between tea consumption and stroke]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2004;25(8):666-670. View abstract
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  • lmberger, J, Heuberger, E, Mahrhofer, C, et al. The influence of essential oils on human attention. I: alertness. Chem Senses 2001;26(3):239-245. View abstract
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  • Jain, SK and Agrawal, SC. Fungistatic activity of some perfumes against otomycotic pathogens. Mycoses 2002;45(3-4):88-90. View abstract
  • Kuroda, K, Inoue, N, Ito, Y, et al. Sedative effects of the jasmine tea odor and (R)-(-)-linalool, one of its major odor components, on autonomic nerve activity and mood states. Eur J Appl Physiol 2005;95(2-3):107-114. View abstract
  • Larsen, WG. How to test for fragrance allergy. Cutis 2000;65(1):39-41. View abstract
  • Larsen, W, Nakayama, H, Fischer, T, et al. A study of new fragrance mixtures. Am J Contact Dermat. 1998;9(4):202-206. View abstract
  • Larsen, W, Nakayama, H, Fischer, T, et al. Fragrance contact dermatitis: a worldwide multicenter investigation (Part II). Contact Dermatitis 2001;44(6):344-346. View abstract
  • Nagai, M, Wada, M, Usui, N, et al. Pleasant odors attenuate the blood pressure increase during rhythmic handgrip in humans. Neurosci Lett. 8-11-2000;289(3):227-229. View abstract
  • Wu, YN, Wang, HZ, Li, JS, et al. The inhibitory effect of Chinese tea and its polyphenols on in vitro and in vivo N-nitrosation. Biomed Environ Sci. 1993;6(3):237-258. View abstract
disclaimer: Natural Standard Bottom Line Monograph, Copyright © 2011 (www.naturalstandard.com). Commercial distribution prohibited. This monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. You should consult with a qualified healthcare provider before making decisions about therapies and/or health conditions. disclaimer: While some complementary and alternative techniques have been studied scientifically, high-quality data regarding safety, effectiveness, and mechanism of action are limited or controversial for most therapies. Whenever possible, it is recommended that practitioners be licensed by a recognized professional organization that adheres to clearly published standards. In addition, before starting a new technique or engaging a practitioner, it is recommended that patients speak with their primary healthcare provider(s). Potential benefits, risks (including financial costs), and alternatives should be carefully considered. The below monograph is designed to provide historical background and an overview of clinically-oriented research, and neither advocates for or against the use of a particular therapy. disclaimer: The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)



Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)
 
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