The use of Internet-based stress management programmes (ISM) effectively
reduces stress for a sustainable period, according to a Cleveland Clinic study
published recently in Annals of Behavioral Medicine.
Online stress management programmes aim to increase accessibility for
individuals affected by chronic stress at a lesser cost than traditional
methods. Data suggests that stress reduction using ISM is comparable to
face-to-face stress management.
Three-hundred study participants completed an eight-week ISM program where
they received online relaxation practice materials, strategies to help cope with
life's stressors, stress assessments at the beginning and end of the program,
and daily topics to inspire participants to continue the meditation and
Programme participants, who were compared with a control group, showed a
significant decrease in perceived stress from high levels to average, as well as
greatly improved emotional wellbeing, compared with the pre-program results and
to participants of the control group. Results confirmed a positive correlation
between the number of meditations completed per week and perceived stress
"Our recent findings provide individuals and employers with a new option to
consider for themselves or their employees' stress management," said Michael
Roizen, MD, Chief Wellness Officer at Cleveland Clinic. "Unmanaged stress causes
some of the highest healthcare costs for employers and has a lasting impact on
everyone; this study implies such health effect may be readily reduced."
Using Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) to measure a person's perception of
stress, individual results were based on a 0 (best) to 40 scale. Study
participants' stress levels prior to ISM averaged 23.05, much higher than the
US norm, 13.7 for females and 12.1 for males. Relative to a control group,
active participants demonstrated a substantial stress score improvement of 4.04.
Individuals who completed five meditations per week were likely to experience a
6.12 decrease in perceived stress scores vs. practicing once per week.
Chronic stress is a major public health issue and is associated with
increased health risk and chronic disease.
Comparable to smoking, psychological distress is more significant in terms of
health risks to blood pressure, obesity, and diabetes.
'A state of mindfulness'
A national survey from the American Psychological Association (Stress in
America) showed that 75% of American adults continue to report high levels of
stress despite an improving economy, with little accessibility to a feasible
stress management programme. Most Americans cite work as being the most stressful
component in their lives.
Face-to-face stress management programmes often include massage therapy,
exercise, diet modification, acupuncture, and meditation, whereas ISM focuses
heavily on achieving a state of mindfulness through relaxation and meditation,
and guided imagery.
To compare the two types of programmes, standard outcome measures including
the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale, Adult
Self-Transcendence Inventory, among others, were observed and recorded
throughout the 12-week study.
The feasibility study was a joint effort with GE (NYSE: GE), which offered
the ISM program to employees in three of its sites as part of the trial.
"Understanding consumer behaviour related to health and healthcare is
critical to advancing care delivery," said Mitch Higashi, chief economist for GE
Healthcare. "In this case, demonstrating how workplace stress management
programmes could be delivered effectively in online formats provides important
insights for future innovation."
The stress management program used for the research, Stress Free Now (SFN),
was designed by Cleveland Clinic experts and is sold at Cleveland Clinic's
Wellness site. On-going research continues in order to improve workplace
wellbeing and quality of life using ISM programmes. SFN has been modified
following the results of this study, allowing for increased likelihood of
programme completion, and simpler implementation within the workplace with the
purpose of improving stress in a corporate environment.