Home > Mental health > News Updated 13 December 2013 Laughter can be dangerous to some people Laughter may not be the best medicine after all and can even be harmful to some patients. 0 iStock Related Laughing yoga cultivates merry mindfulness Teaching the brain to process laughter Animals on a trampoline Ask CyberShrink » Blog Bipolar journey » Talk Heart to heart forum » Quiz Are you a hypochondriac? » This video of a school choir singing Pharrell's "Happy" will make your day Helping HIV-positive kids in South Africa Researchers from Birmingham and Oxford, in the UK, reviewed the reported benefits and harms of laughter. They used data published between 1946 and 2013. They concluded that laughter is a serious matter.They identified benefits from laughter; harms from laughter; and conditions causing pathological laughter.Some conditions benefit from 'unintentional' (Duchenne) laughter. Laughter can increase pain thresholds although hospital clowns had no impact on distress in children undergoing minor surgery (even though they were in stitches). Laughter reduces arterial wall stiffness, which the researchers suggest may relieve tension. And it lowered the risk of heart attack, so "reading the Christmas BMJ could add years to your life".Clowns improved lung function in patients with COPD and 'genuine laughter' for a whole day could burn 2000 calories and lower the blood sugar in diabetics. Laughter also enhanced fertility: 36% of would-be mothers who were entertained by a clown after IVF and embryo transfer became pregnant compared with 20% in the control group.Adverse effects of laughterHowever, laughter can also have adverse effects. One woman with racing heart syndrome collapsed and died after a period of intense laughter and laughing 'fit to burst' was found to cause possible heart rupture or a torn gullet. A quick intake of breath during laughing can cause inhalation of foreign bodies and can provoke an asthma attack. Laughing like a drain can cause incontinence. And hernias can occur after laughing: rapture causing rupture.The authors' list conditions that cause pathological laughter and this may help in diagnosis. Epileptic seizures ("gelastic seizures") are the most common cause.The researchers say that their review challenges the view that laughter can only be beneficial but do add that humour in any form carries a "low risk of harm and may be beneficial". They conclude that it remains to be seen whether "sick jokes make you ill, dry wit causes dehydration or jokes in bad taste [cause] dysgeusia (distortion of sense of taste)". EurekAlert More in Mental health Electrical pulses through scalp boost memory More: Mental healthNews SPONSORED: We want your Facebook like Join our Facebook community and help us reach 100 000 likes fast! advertisement Get a quote Momentum - save up to 35% on healthcare advertisement Read Health24’s Comments Policy Comment on this story 0 comments Add your comment Thank you, your comment has been submitted. Logout Comment 0 characters remaining Share on Facebook Logout Comment 0 characters remaining Share on Facebook Loading comments... Other news Medical The Clever Dick campaign kicks off in the Cape Medical US patients seek narcotics from multiple doctors News Ebola outbreak reaches Senegal, riots break out in Guinea Medical Experimental Ebola drug cures monkeys Medical Addiction fears linked to pain undertreatment Medical Men need to be educated about prostate cancer From our sponsors Like us on facebook! Why take out life insurance from OUTsaurance Keep your pet's teeth in tip top condition Occlusal disease - a modern day dental problem Live healthier Knee pain relief » Knee injuries Test your knee pain knowledge Symptoms of knee pain Do you suffer from knee pain? Do you suffer from recurrent knee pain? It could be osteoarthritis... Vitamin wise » Vitamins for HIV What to eat for vitamin B? Cut down on vitamins Get your vitamins right Find out which vitamin to use for which condition. Ask our Vitamin expert.