Home > Mental health > News Updated 13 December 2013 Laughter can be dangerous to some people Laughter may not be the best medicine after all and can even be harmful to some patients. 0 iStock Related Laughing yoga cultivates merry mindfulness Teaching the brain to process laughter Animals on a trampoline Ask CyberShrink » Talk Heart to heart forum » 13 hidden signs of stress Regenerative medicine: replacing brain cells lost from stroke Researchers from Birmingham and Oxford, in the UK, reviewed the reported benefits and harms of laughter. They used data published between 1946 and 2013. They concluded that laughter is a serious matter.They identified benefits from laughter; harms from laughter; and conditions causing pathological laughter.Some conditions benefit from 'unintentional' (Duchenne) laughter. Laughter can increase pain thresholds although hospital clowns had no impact on distress in children undergoing minor surgery (even though they were in stitches). Laughter reduces arterial wall stiffness, which the researchers suggest may relieve tension. And it lowered the risk of heart attack, so "reading the Christmas BMJ could add years to your life".Clowns improved lung function in patients with COPD and 'genuine laughter' for a whole day could burn 2000 calories and lower the blood sugar in diabetics. Laughter also enhanced fertility: 36% of would-be mothers who were entertained by a clown after IVF and embryo transfer became pregnant compared with 20% in the control group.Adverse effects of laughterHowever, laughter can also have adverse effects. One woman with racing heart syndrome collapsed and died after a period of intense laughter and laughing 'fit to burst' was found to cause possible heart rupture or a torn gullet. A quick intake of breath during laughing can cause inhalation of foreign bodies and can provoke an asthma attack. Laughing like a drain can cause incontinence. And hernias can occur after laughing: rapture causing rupture.The authors' list conditions that cause pathological laughter and this may help in diagnosis. Epileptic seizures ("gelastic seizures") are the most common cause.The researchers say that their review challenges the view that laughter can only be beneficial but do add that humour in any form carries a "low risk of harm and may be beneficial". They conclude that it remains to be seen whether "sick jokes make you ill, dry wit causes dehydration or jokes in bad taste [cause] dysgeusia (distortion of sense of taste)". EurekAlert NEXT ON HEALTH24X October is Mental Health Awareness Month in South Africa 2016-10-12 16:21 More: Mental healthNews advertisement Read Health24’s Comments Policy Comment on this story 0 comments Comments have been closed for this article. Logout Comment 0 characters remaining Share on Facebook Loading comments... Other news Medical From the nose to the penis – a history of organ transplants Medical How long can Zika last in your sperm? Medical Are you ignoring gum disease? Medical New drug for deadly, super-fast cancer Medical How to avoid addictive painkillers after surgery Medical Meet the boy who can’t feel pain From our sponsors Johannesburg conference to tackle digital transformation in healthcare WIN a R2000 voucher. Great skin is just a click away! How erectile dysfunction can affect relationships Coital incontinence: the ‘oops’ women are too afraid to talk about Live healthier Myths busted! » Breastfeeding may reduce pain from C-section Breastfeeding and work - how to make it work 9 breastfeeding myths busted Breastfeeding will help me lose my baby weight, right? Wrong! We bust nine myths about breastfeeding. Eat right. » How watching porn can cause erectile dysfunction 7 scientific ways to cure erectile dysfunction 7 foods that could relieve erectile dysfunction If you experience erectile dysfunction from time to time, you may be able to manage the problem without any medical help.