Home > Mental health > Brain > News 30 August 2013 Language learning stimulates brain growth The age at which children learn a second language can have a significant bearing on the structure of their adult brain, according to a new study. 2 Shutterstock Related Babies learn language in the womb Fun activities boost language learning 'Bilingual babies' can tell languages apart Ask CyberShrink » Talk Heart to heart forum » How brain injury affects you Transparent brains The age at which children learn a second language can have a significant bearing on the structure of their adult brain, according to a new joint study by the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital – The Neuro at McGill University and Oxford University. The majority of people in the world learn to speak more than one language during their lifetime. Many do so with great proficiency, particularly if the languages are learned simultaneously or from early in development.The study concludes that the pattern of brain development is similar if you learn one or two language from birth. However, learning a second language later on in childhood after gaining proficiency in the first (native) language does in fact modify the brain’s structure, specifically the brain’s inferior frontal cortex. The left inferior frontal cortex became thicker and the right inferior frontal cortex became thinner. The cortex is a multi-layered mass of neurons that plays a major role in cognitive functions such as thought, language, consciousness and memory.New neural growthThe study suggests that the task of acquiring a second language after infancy stimulates new neural growth and connections among neurons in ways seen in acquiring complex motor skills such as juggling. The study’s authors speculate that the difficulty that some people have in learning a second language later in life could be explained at the structural level.“The later in childhood that the second language is acquired, the greater are the changes in the inferior frontal cortex,” said Dr. Denise Klein, researcher in The Neuro’s Cognitive Neuroscience Unit and a lead author on the paper published in the journal Brain and Language. “Our results provide structural evidence that age of acquisition is crucial in laying down the structure for language learning.”Using a software program developed at The Neuro, the study examined MRI scans of 66 bilingual and 22 monolingual men and women living in Montreal. The work was supported by a grant from the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada and from an Oxford McGill Neuroscience Collaboration Pilot project. (Picture: boy talking from Shutterstock) EurekAlert More in Mental health Brain scan may reveal if comatose patients can be revived More: BrainNews advertisement Read Health24’s Comments Policy Comment on this story 2 comments Comments have been closed for this article. Logout Comment 0 characters remaining Share on Facebook Loading comments... Other news Parenting Finally allowed 2nd child, older Chinese parents turn to IVF Medical Experts ask WHO to consider moving Rio Olympics Medical Asthmatic children may not always need daily dosing Parenting 7 things to say to a woman in labour Parenting The devastating effect of poor nutrition on a child’s wellbeing Medical Global diabetes epidemic puts millions at risk From our sponsors Cipla Nutrition- Dummies Guide to Enduro Prep 4 clever ways to stay active this winter Key signs you need a change in diet Clear your head with fast-acting, long-lasting Sinutab® Nasal Spray Live healthier PMS, depression & suicide » Don't let PMS get you down Symptoms of PMS Diagnosing PMS The link between PMS, depression and suicidal thoughts The symptoms of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) are similar to those of PMS, but generally more severe – and could include depression and even thoughts of suicide. A vegan marathon runner » Comrades: don't run if you're ill Fuel your body for the Comrades Running the Comrades Marathon on a vegan diet Donovan Will, who is training to run the Comrades Marathon, speaks to Health24 about his plant based diet and fears of getting injured ahead of the big race.