Home > Mental health > Brain > Neurological conditions Updated 30 June 2014 12 types of psychosis Psychosis is associated with several medical disorders and conditions. Here's more about twelve of them. 3 iStock Related More kids diagnosed with mental health disabilities More than just the blues Five mental disorders have common gene problem Ask CyberShrink » Blog Bipolar journey » Talk Heart to heart forum » Quiz Are you a hypochondriac? » How brain injury affects you Transparent brains Psychosis is associated with several medical disorders and conditions. Some of the different types of psychosis include:Schizophrenia: a psychiatric disorder characterised by disordered thinking and behaviour, which often includes delusions and hallucinations. Psychotic symptoms are experienced for at least six months, together with significant social or occupational dysfunction.Schizophreniform disorder: symptoms are similar to schizophrenia, but persist for between one and six months.Schizoaffective disorder: prominent mood symptoms occur with the characteristic symptoms of schizophrenia, but occasionally psychotic symptoms are experienced in the absence of mood symptoms.Delusional disorder: involves holding strong, false beliefs (delusions). Hallucinations are usually not present. Apart from the impact of the delusions, psychosocial functioning may not be markedly impaired nor behaviour blatantly strange. However, under some circumstances delusions are sufficiently false to cause problems with day-to-day life.Substance-induced psychosis: drug and alcohol use or withdrawal can result in psychotic symptoms. These may disappear once the effects of the substances or withdrawal symptoms wear off. In some cases, psychosis persists after the initial substance-induced psychosis. This is common with stimulant drugs, e.g. methamphetamine (“tik”).Dementia: psychotic symptoms may appear with memory disturbances in conditions that cause physiological deterioration of the brain, such as a head injury, AIDS, post-encephalitis, Alzheimer’s Disease or a brain tumour.Bipolar disorder (manic depression): psychosis generally appears as part of a more general severe mood disturbance. Psychotic symptoms tend to match your mood. (For example, when depressed, you may hear voices urging you to commit suicide.)Major Depressive Disorder: psychosis can be a feature of a severe major depression.Postpartum psychosis: psychosis that may develop during the six month period after childbirth. This is usually part of a severe mood disorder.Delirium: psychotic symptoms may be part of an acute confusional state that results from another severe medical disorder, such as meningitis, septicaemia or after an epileptic convulsion.Brief psychotic episode: psychotic symptoms appear suddenly in response to a recognisable and highly stressful life event, such as being a victim of violent crime. Symptoms may be severe but are short-lived: the psychosis lasts between one day and one month. You may or may not be aware of your bizarre behaviour.Psychosis due to a general medical condition: psychotic symptoms may appear as a result of brain tumours, epilepsy, and other chronic medical conditions. The psychotic symptoms can sometimes be the first sign of the underlying medical condition. Reviewed by Dr Bonga Chiliza, psychiatrist, Department of Psychiatry, University of Stellenbosch More in Mental health Living with nerve damage More: BrainNeurological conditions advertisement Get a quote Momentum - save up to 35% on healthcare advertisement Read Health24’s Comments Policy Comment on this story 3 comments Comments have been closed for this article. Logout Comment 0 characters remaining Share on Facebook Loading comments... Other news Fitness Dis-Chem pulls fitness supplement Jack3d from shelves Medical Aids is the leading killer of African teens Medical Physical activity may stave off cancer death Medical South African returns from the US for life-saving surgery Medical Paralysed man walks again – with electric connections Medical Adolescent deaths from AIDS tripled since 2000 From our sponsors How will we feed 9 billion people? Try the Meat Free Movember Challenge Fit starts now with MRP Sport Get Race Ready with REHIDRAT® Live healthier Toilet matters » 45 toilets in the world Poop in weird places Toilet paper debate The funniest bathroom signs ever These signs have taken toilet humour to the next level. Too Tired? » 20 signs of burnout Staying active reduces stress 10 ways to have a healthier work day Why you're exhausted Lost your mojo? Here are 5 surprising energy drainers, plus the easy fixes that will help put the pep back in your step!