Home > Medical > Tuberculosis Tuberculosis All sections in Tuberculosis » About Tuberculosis » Different political stances » Drug Resistance » FAQs » Health Tips » HIV/Aids and TB » Living with TB » New Developments » TB News » Quarantine » Real-life Story » Symptoms » TB and other organs » TB in South Africa » Testing » Transmission » Treatment » Who is at risk? TB vaccine may prevent MS A vaccine normally used to thwart the respiratory illness tuberculosis also might help prevent the development of multiple sclerosis. Third XDR TB patient beats the odds Revolutionary test for TB poses some challenges Brics countries should co-operate in fight against TB Sputum test may not hold key to TB eradication See All Tuberculosis News » Tuberculosis Overview How can tuberculosis prevented? How is tuberculosis diagnosed? What is the cause of tuberculosis? How is tuberculosis treated? What are the symptoms of tuberculosis? What is tuberculosis? What is Tuberculosis? Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease that usually affects the lungs. TB is mainly spread when someone with TB coughs or sneezes, and someone else breaths in the air-borne bacteria. A person can be infected with the TB organism for years without getting sick or spreading it on to others, but when their immune system weakens for some reason, TB infection can develop into active disease. TB can be cured, but requires rigorous unbroken treatment that lasts for six months – failure to complete the treatment regimen can result in the emergence of drug-resistant strains of TB. As TB is a common opportunistic infection ailing people with HIV, South Africa has a particularly high burden of TB due to its high prevalence of HIV. Take Action Assess Your risk for COPD » Join HIV Talk » Ask CyberDoc » Assess Do you have asthma? » African health in focus World's Most Famous TB Patients advertisement About Tuberculosis Tuberculosis (TB) See All About Tuberculosis » Drug resistance MDR-TB worse than thought Drug-resistant TB Extent of tough TB unknown Fears mount over tough TB See All Drug resistance » Health tips Centrum tip – TB: Anyone can get it See All Health tips » Living with TB Smoker? Diabetic? Beware TB Tuberculosis The role of diet in TB TB and nutrition See All Living with TB » Quarantine Quarantine controversy Why quarantine may backfire Quarantine urged for XDR-TB Should SA quarantine TB patients? See All Quarantine » TB in South Africa Silicosis and TB: a deadly duo Silicosis and TB: deadly duo 10 quick TB facts New hope for TB control: ZAMSTAR See All TB in South Africa » Transmission What causes TB? Open windows beat germs Open windows prevent TB See All Transmission » Who is at risk? Diabetes puts you at risk for TB Tuberculosis – not just a poor man's disease TB: are you at risk? Women left out of TB care See All Who is at risk? » Different political stances TB funds falling way short TB: a major challenge for SA Human rights and TB Major new TB plan for SA See All Different political stances » FAQs Why is it important to overcome the social stigma associated with TB? What is TB? How bad is TB nowadays? Do we have an epidemic? How does TB spread? See All FAQs » HIV, AIDS and TB Better to have HIV than TB: SA doc Tuberculosis and HIV TB therapy halves deaths in Aids patients Africa's deadly combo: HIV-TB See All HIV, AIDS and TB » New developments in TB TB: 6 million lives saved so far Multidrug-resistant forms of TB Go get HIV status tested more often Combining new drugs reduces TB See All New developments in TB » Real-life story Fully Sick Rapper – Part 5 Fully Sick Rapper - Part 4 Fully Sick Rapper - Part 3 Fully Sick Rapper – Part 2 See All Real-life story » Testing TB diagnosis breakthrough Diagnosing TB Quick tests = fewer TB deaths See All Testing » Treatment Treating TB Treating tuberculosis New hope for XDR-TB treatment Diet not an ARV substitute See All Treatment » From our sponsors Your retirement - a healthy mindset So many people, why so alone? You can still enjoy the sweet things in life Take the sugar test, it could save your life.