Home > Medical > Tuberculosis South Africa to introduce new TB treatment As drug-resistant TB rates continue to climb in South Africa, the government may be just months away from rolling out the latest drug to join the world's TB arsenal. The role of diet in TB While TB drugs are the first line of defence against this killer disease, a healthy diet rich in protective nutrients can also play an important role in improving the outcome. Khayelitsha clinic leads the way for new TB drug A clinic in Khayelitsha is offering a glimmer of hope as it pioneers a new drug called Bedaquiline for drug-resistant tuberculosis, which is a huge health challenge. Latest in Tuberculosis Why isn't SA getting these life-saving TB drugs? The first new drug resistant TB drugs in over 40 years offer new hope for patients. The problem is, they're either not available in SA, or are stuck at the Medicines Control Council. Research tackles challenges of childhood TB For World TB Day, on 24 March, leaders in paediatric TB highlight the additional challenges that children face when suffering from this life-threatening disease. 14 clinical trials look to shorter TB treatment for kids A big challenge is to make tuberculosis treatment more child and family friendly by making the regimen shorter and giving children medication that is easy to swallow. Kruger lions threatened by tuberculosis Humans are not the only species affected by tuberculosis – two of South Africa’s ‘Big Five’ are also threatened by the disease. load more Your Tuberculosis Guide Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease that usually affects the lungs. TB is mainly spread when someone with TB coughs or sneezes, and someone else breaths in the air-borne bacteria. A person can be infected with the TB organism for years without getting sick or spreading it on to others, but when their immune system weakens for some reason, TB infection can develop into active disease. TB can be cured, but requires rigorous unbroken treatment that lasts for six months – failure to complete the treatment regimen can result in the emergence of drug-resistant strains of TB. As TB is a common opportunistic infection ailing people with HIV, South Africa has a particularly high burden of TB due to its high prevalence of HIV. What is extensively drug resistant TB (XDR-TB)? What is multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB)? Risk factors for developing tuberculosis (TB) How TB progresses How can tuberculosis be prevented? Treating tuberculosis Diagnosing tuberculosis Symptoms of tuberculosis What causes tuberculosis? What is tuberculosis?