Home > Medical > Tuberculosis South Africa to introduce new TB treatment As drug-resistant TB rates continue to climb in South Africa, the government may be just months away from rolling out the latest drug to join the world's TB arsenal. The role of diet in TB While TB drugs are the first line of defence against this killer disease, a healthy diet rich in protective nutrients can also play an important role in improving the outcome. Khayelitsha clinic leads the way for new TB drug A clinic in Khayelitsha is offering a glimmer of hope as it pioneers a new drug called Bedaquiline for drug-resistant tuberculosis, which is a huge health challenge. Latest in Tuberculosis Can animals and food give you TB? Animal TB poses a greater threat to human health and the economy than previously thought. A new study calls for action. Treatable TB meningitis disables too many SA children Children admitted to Tygerberg Children's Hospital with TB meningitis are often admitted too late to change their condition. While they are likely to survive, their chances of a normal, healthy life are dashed. DNA may be the key to rapid TB testing A new study shows that genomics can be used to cut the TB testing process down to a matter of days. South African scientists make headway in grasping persistent TB bacteria The fact that at least 20% of people diagnosed with tuberculosis have 'multiple-drug-resistant' TB significantly complicates treatment. load more Your Tuberculosis Guide Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease that usually affects the lungs. TB is mainly spread when someone with TB coughs or sneezes, and someone else breaths in the air-borne bacteria. A person can be infected with the TB organism for years without getting sick or spreading it on to others, but when their immune system weakens for some reason, TB infection can develop into active disease. Symptoms of TB include a persistent cough, weight loss, appetite loss and constant fatigue. TB can be cured, but requires rigorous unbroken treatment that lasts for six months – failure to complete the treatment regimen can result in the emergence of drug-resistant strains of TB. As TB is a common opportunistic infection ailing people with HIV, South Africa has a particularly high burden of TB due to its high prevalence of HIV. Learn more about TB types, causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention here. What is extensively drug resistant TB (XDR-TB)? What is multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB)? Risk factors for developing tuberculosis (TB) How TB progresses How can tuberculosis be prevented? Treating tuberculosis Diagnosing tuberculosis Symptoms of tuberculosis What causes tuberculosis? What is tuberculosis?