Home > Medical > Tuberculosis SA researchers find urine test better for rapid TB testing On World TB Day a UCT study reveals that a simple and inexpensive urine test can more quickly and efficiently detect TB in hospitalised patients with HIV. SHOCKING: Several TB strains now incurable, say local researchers The rise of drug-resistant tuberculosis has taken a new, horrifying turn. SA researchers find urine test better for rapid TB testing On World TB Day a UCT study reveals that a simple and inexpensive urine test can more quickly and efficiently detect TB in hospitalised patients with HIV. Latest in Tuberculosis Here's why SA is on the forefront of using new TB meds Treatment with a new and revolutionary drug has resulted in a huge drop in death rates in South African TB patients. 30 000 lives could be saved with this vaccine There's now a call for the TB vaccine to be made standard at birth. Microchip to check on patients' compliance with TB meds The easy-to-use technology works by inserting a microchip into anti-TB drugs to measure the levels of the drug in a person’s system. SEE: SA teenager cured of rare TB After being diagnosed with rare TB and needing to endure painful treatment, this teen girl has been given a new lease on life. load more Your Tuberculosis Guide Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease that usually affects the lungs. TB is mainly spread when someone with TB coughs or sneezes, and someone else breaths in the air-borne bacteria. A person can be infected with the TB organism for years without getting sick or spreading it on to others, but when their immune system weakens for some reason, TB infection can develop into active disease. Symptoms of TB include a persistent cough, weight loss, appetite loss and constant fatigue. TB can be cured, but requires rigorous unbroken treatment that lasts for six months – failure to complete the treatment regimen can result in the emergence of drug-resistant strains of TB. As TB is a common opportunistic infection ailing people with HIV, South Africa has a particularly high burden of TB due to its high prevalence of HIV. Learn more about TB types, causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention here. What is extensively drug resistant TB (XDR-TB)? What is multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB)? Risk factors for developing tuberculosis (TB) How TB progresses How can tuberculosis be prevented? Treating tuberculosis Diagnosing tuberculosis Symptoms of tuberculosis What causes tuberculosis? What is tuberculosis?