Skin

03 November 2016

Gene therapy offers hope for blistering skin disease

People with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa aren't able to produce a protein that binds the upper and lower levels of skin together, and at the slightest friction, these layers slide and create blisters.

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Gene therapy shows promise in treating a genetic skin disease that causes blistering, according to researchers.

Binding skin together

In the early stage clinical trial, researchers from the Stanford University School of Medicine tested the therapy on four adults with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa.

People with this skin condition aren't able to produce a protein that binds the upper and lower levels of skin together. At the slightest friction, these layers slide and create blisters. In the worst cases, death occurs in infancy, the researchers said.

Read: How this teen lives with a life-threatening skin disease

In the current research, grafts of the patients' own genetically corrected skin were applied to open wounds caused by the disease. The grafts improved wound healing and seemed to be well-tolerated, researchers reported.

Huge improvement

"Our phase 1 trial shows the treatment appears safe, and we were fortunate to see some good clinical outcomes," said co-senior author Dr Jean Tang, an associate professor of dermatology.

Read: 200 mobile apps related to dermatology

"In some cases, wounds that had not healed for five years were successfully healed with the gene therapy. This is a huge improvement in the quality of life for these people," Tang said in a university news release.

The next step is to assess the therapy in patients aged 13 and older. Being able to treat children may prevent the development of serious chronic wounds and scars, the researchers said.

But additional trials will be needed before the procedure becomes an accepted practice.

The study was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Ask the Expert

Skin expert

Dr Suretha Kannenberg holds a degree in Medicine and a Masters in Dermatology from the University of Stellenbosch. She is employed as a consultant dermatologist by Stellenbosch University and Tygerberg Academic Hospital, where she is involved in clinical duties and the training of medical students and dermatology residents. Her areas of interest and research include vitiligo, eczema and acne. She also performs limited private practice work in the Northern suburbs of Cape Town in general and cosmetic dermatology.

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