Home > Medical > Sinusitis > About sinusitis Updated 16 July 2014 8 quick sinusitis facts Is sinusitis making your life miserable? Get some quick facts right here. 0 iStock Is it a cold, sinusitis or flu? » How do you treat acute sinusitis? Sinusitis can make your life truly miserable. Here's what you need to know about this condition.Anything interfering with airflow into and drainage of mucus out of the sinuses can cause sinusitis. The sinus openings may be obstructed by anything, causing swelling of tissue lining the ostia and adjacent nasal passage, such as colds, allergies and tissue irritants (such as over-the-counter nasal sprays, cigarette smoke and recreational substances snorted through the nose). Allergies may complicate sinusitis. Drainage of mucus can be impaired by thickening of secretions, decrease in mucus hydration (water content) because of disease, drying medications (antihistamines), and lack of air humidity. Irritants, especially smoke, may damage cilia, and prevent them from assisting with mucus drainage. Stagnated mucus provides an ideal environment for bacteria and in some cases (such as AIDS) fungus to grow. Other irritants include car exhaust, petrol and paint fumes, perfume, insect spray and household chemicals. Sinuses can become obstructed by tumours or growths. Nasal polyps (growths arising from mucous surfaces), probably caused by nasal inflammation, can block the ostia. Occasionally, immune problems cause sinus infections. If you have persistent sinus infections, have your immune system evaluated by an allergist/immunologist, especially before surgery is done. You may need allergy tests, and tests to ensure you can form antibodies to common bacteria normally. Sinusitis can be due to AIDS, although only an extremely small percentage of people with sinusitis have AIDS. Health24 Sinusitis A - Z More in Medical Unravelling the secrets of the nose More: SinusitisAbout sinusitis advertisement Get a quote Fedhealth - What cover is right for you? Momentum - save up to 35% on healthcare advertisement Read Health24’s Comments Policy Comment on this story 0 comments Comments have been closed for this article. Logout Comment 0 characters remaining Share on Facebook Loading comments... Other news Medical Labour Minister Oliphant launches study on HIV/AIDS policies in the SA workplace Medical WHO guidelines recommend early ARVs for all with HIV Lifestyle Healthy lifestyle can boost fertility for women with PCOS Medical Breakthrough: scientists trace the origins of extreme drug-resistant TB Medical Why digestive problems are common in type 1 diabetics Medical Psoriasis associated with depression From our sponsors Advertorial Understanding thrombosis The power of smell and touch Is your baby dehydrated? How to tell. Fifty and fabulous! There’s something newly cool about turning 50 Live healthier Up for grabs! » To vape or not to vape? Twisp's new range of e-cigs Discover your Twisp Win one of the 3 new devices from Twisp! Now you can stand a chance of winning one of the 3 new devices, as well as flavours and accessories worth R2000 each! Love your heart » SA dying of heart disease Natural trans fats good for heart Heart probs and sex life How old is your heart? Take this test What's your heart age? Use the calculator to see the real age of your heart. Post your results in the comments!