Pain Centre

Opioids

Opioids

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Moderate efficacy opioids

These opioids are effective against moderate pain, and in adequte doses also against more severe pain.

Opioids

Opioids can be used with other pain killers like paracetamol and NSAIDs. They can be categorised according to their effect: low, intermediate and high efficacy.

High efficacy opioids

High efficacy opioids are mostly administered by injection. They include morphine, nalbuphine and pethidine.

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Dr Raath originally specialised and worked as an anaesthesiologist in private practice. In 2008 he obtained his Fellowship In Interventional Pain Practice and since then has operated the the Pain Clinic at the Netcare Jakaranda Hospital in Pretoria which treats all forms of chronic pain.

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