Meds and you

27 September 2013

Fluticasone for inhalation

Fluticasone is a cortico-steroid. Cortico-steroids are drugs that have an anti-inflammatory action on the smooth muscles in the lungs and airways, therefore preventing asthma.

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Fluticasone is the active ingredient of Flixotide CFC Free Inhaler (Nappi code: 703275-001, 897751-007, 897759-005) & Flixotide Accuhaler (Nappi code: 808445-009, 818453-001, 818461-004, 818488-018).

General information
Fluticasone is a cortico-steroid. Cortico-steroids are drugs that have an anti-inflammatory action on the smooth muscles in the lungs and airways, therefore preventing asthma.

In South Africa fluticasone is registered for the treatment of the preventative management of atopic asthma - asthma that most often occur as a result of allergic hypersensitivity - in adults and children over the age of 6.

This medication does not cure the underlying condition, but simply keeps the symptoms under control. It is furthermore not intended for the relief of an acute asthma attack, but is a prophylactic treatment instead.

Do not stop using this medication abruptly as it may cause a recurrence of the original symptoms being treated. Consult with your doctor prior to discontinuing treatment.

For fluticasone to be effective, it has to be taken regularly, even if you do not notice an immediate effect.

How does fluticasone work?
Fluticasone decrease inflammation in the lungs. During an asthma-attack, this inflammation causes a tightening of the airways, making breathing difficult. By preventing this inflammation fluticasone helps to prevent asthma attacks.

Fast facts
Drug schedule: schedule 3 Available as: fluticasone is available as inhaler, accuhaler and disks What does it do? Fluticasone reduce airway inflammation and thereby prevents asthma attacks. Overdose risk: low Dependence risk: low Is fluticasone available as a generic? no Is fluticasone available on prescription only? yes

User information
Onset of effect: it may take up to 7 days for the full benefit to be seen.
Duration of action: up to 12 hours
Dietary advice: it is advised to gargle and rinse your mouth after each dose to prevent candida infections in the mouth, hoarseness, and taste disturbances.
Stopping this medicine: do not stop using this medication abruptly as it may cause a recurrence of the original symptoms being treated. Consult with your doctor prior to discontinuing treatment.

Special precautions
Consult your doctor before using this drug if:

  • you have been diagnosed with tuberculosis

Pregnancy: avoid. Potential risk to the foetus has been reported. Consult your doctor before use, or if you are planning to fall pregnant.
Breastfeeding: avoid. It is unknown how this medication may affect your baby. Consult your doctor before use.
Porphyria: avoid. It is unknown how this medication may affect your condition. Consult your doctor before use.
Infants and children: this medication is not intended for use in children under the age of 6 years.
The elderly: no special precautions need to be taken.
Driving and hazardous work: no special precautions need to be taken.
Alcohol: no special precautions need to be taken.

Possible side effects

Side Effect
Frequency
Consult your doctor

Common
Rare
Only if severe
In all cases
libido decreased

X
X

ejaculation inhibition

X
X

breast enlargement/tenderness

X
X

testicular pain

X
X

skin reactions

X

X
breathing difficulties

X

X

Interactions
Drug interactions
Interactions at the recommended dosage are rare.

Overdose action
A small overdose is no cause for concern. In case of intentional large overdose, seek emergency medical attention.

Recommended dosage
Adults: 100 - 1000 mcg twice daily

This material is not intended to substitute medical advice, but is for informational purposes only. Please consult a physician for specific treatment and recommendations.

 
 

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