Meds and you

27 September 2013

Fenoterol

Fenoterol is a bronchodilator. Bronchodilators are drugs that relax the muscles around the airways, helping the airways to open up, making it easier to breathe.

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Fenoterol is the active ingredient of Adco-Fenoterol Hydrobromide inhalation solution (Nappi code: 891048-001, 890156-004), Berotec inhalation solution (Nappi code: 835706-001), Berotec syrup (Nappi code: 707813-018), Berotec unit dose vials (Nappi code: 793973-007, 791989-003) and Berotec HFA metered-dose inhaler (Nappi code: 706544-001).

General information

Fenoterol is a bronchodilator. Bronchodilators are drugs that relax the muscles around the airways, helping the airways to open up, making it easier to breathe.

In South Africa fenoterol is registered for the treatment of acute asthma attacks; exercise-induced asthma prevention, and other conditions (acute and chronic) with reversible airway narrowing.

Do not exceed the recommended dose. If your usual dose does not provide relief, or if relief does not last for at least 3 hours, medical advice should be sought.

It should be noted that because this drug may cause dizziness and/or light-headedness, driving and any hazardous tasks should be avoided until you know how this medication affects you.

How does fenoterol work?

Fenoterol relaxes bronchial smooth muscle by stimulating beta2 receptors. When fenoterol stimulates these receptors, it causes the muscles in the airways to relax, making breathing easier.

Fast facts

Drug schedule: schedule 2 and schedule 3 (syrup/metered-dose inhaler (S2); unit dose vial/solution for inhalation (S3))

Available as: fenoterol is available as syrup, unit dose vials, solution for inhalation and as a metered-dose inhaler.

What does it do? Fenoterol widens/opens the airways to make breathing easier.

Overdose risk: medium

Dependence risk: low

Is fenoterol available as a generic? yes

Is fenoterol available on prescription only? no and yes

User information

Onset of effect: within 5 minutes

Duration of action: up to 4 hours

Stopping this medicine: do not stop treatment with this drug without consulting your doctor. The original symptoms may recur.

Special precautions

Consult your doctor before using this drug if:

  • you have cardiovascular disease
  • you have diabetes
  • you have epilepsy
  • you have glaucoma
  • you have a thyroid disorder
  • you are pregnant

Pregnancy: avoid. Potential risk to the foetus has been reported. Consult your doctor before use, or if you are planning to fall pregnant.

Breastfeeding: avoid. It is unknown how this medication may affect your baby. Consult your doctor before use.

Porphyria: avoid. It is unknown how this medication may affect your condition. Consult your doctor before use.

Infants and children: this medication is not intended for use in children under the age of 12 years.

The elderly: caution is advised in the elderly as side effects are more likely to occur.

Driving and hazardous work: caution is advised as use of this medication may lead to dizziness, light-headedness and/or sedation. Avoid such activities until you know how this medication affects you.

Alcohol: no special precautions need to be taken.

Possible side effects

Side effect Frequency
Consult your doctor

Common Rare Only if severe In all cases
dizzieness x
x
headache x
x
cough x
x
tremors
x
x
increased pulse rate
x
x
chest pain
x
x
rash
x
x
breathing difficulties
x
x

Interactions

Drug interactions

Beta blockers reduces brochodilating effect of fenoterol
tricyclic antidepressenants risk of increase fenoterol side effects
theophylline may cause serious hypokalaemia
MAOIs risk of increased fenoteral side effects
diuretics may cause serious hypokalaemia

Overdose action

A small overdose is no cause for concern. In case of intentional large overdose, seek emergency medical attention.

Recommended dosage

Adults: use up to 4 times daily exactly as directed.

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This material is not intended to substitute medical advice, but is for informational purposes only.

Please consult a physician for specific treatment and recommendations.

 
 

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