Meds and you

27 September 2013

Carbidopa

Carbidopa is an antiparkinsonism agent. Antiparkinsonism agents are drugs that relieve the symptoms of Parkinsonism.

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Carbidopa is not available as a product on its own.

General information
Carbidopa is an antiparkinsonism agent. Antiparkinsonism agents are drugs that relieve the symptoms of Parkinsonism and are effective in countering the involuntary muscle movement often associated with the disease.

In South Africa carbidopa is registered for the treatment of Parkinson's disease.

Carbidopa is only used in combination with levodopa, another drug indicated for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Levodopa is turned into dopamine in the body, a chemical messenger in the brain, a hortage of which causes Parkinson's disease.

Carbidopa is combined with levodopa to prevent the breakdown of levodopa before it can reach the brain where it exerts its effect. On its own carbidopa has no effect on Parkinson’s disease.

Fast facts

Drug schedule: schedule 4
What does it do? Carbidopa enhance the effect of levodopa in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease and also reduce the side effects of levodopa.
Overdose risk: medium
Dependence risk: low
Is carbidopa available on prescription only? yes

User information

Stopping this medicine: do not stop taking this drug without consulting your doctor.

Special precautions Consult your doctor before using this drug if:

  • you are currently being, or in the last 14 days have been, treated with monoamine oxidase inhibitor antidepressants

  • you have liver or kidney disease

  • you have glaucoma

  • you have skin cancer

  • you have heart disease

  • you have high blood pressure

  • you have a stomach or duodenal ulcer

  • you have depression

  • you have a history of mental health problems

Pregnancy: avoid. It is unknown how this medication may affect your baby. Consult your doctor before using this drug, or if you are planning to fall pregnant.
Breastfeeding: avoid. It is unknown how this medication may affect your baby. Consult your doctor before use.
Porphyria: avoid. It is unknown how this medication may affect your condition. Consult your doctor before use.
Infants and children: this medication is not intended for use in children.
Elderly: no special precautions need to be taken.
Driving and hazardous work: caution is advised as use of this medication may lead to dizziness, light-headedness and/or sedation. Avoid such activities until you know how this medication affects you.
Alcohol: no special precautions need to be taken.

Overdose action
A small overdose is no cause for concern. In case of intentional large overdose, seek emergency medical attention.

This material is not intended to substitute medical advice, but is for informational purposes only. Please consult a physician for specific treatment and recommendations.

 
 

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