Meds and you

27 September 2013

Bromhexine

Bromhexine is the active ingredient of bisolvon solution for inhalation (Nappi Code: 710040-008)

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Bromhexine is the active ingredient of bisolvon solution for inhalation (Nappi Code: 710040-008)

General information
Bromhexine is a mucolytic. Mucolytics are drugs that dissolve or break down mucus. This reduces the thickness of mucus and phlegm, making it easier to cough up.

In South Africa bromhexine is registered for the treatment of thinning of excessive or thickened mucus secretion associated with non-infectious respiratory tract disorders.

This medication does not cure the underlying condition, but simply keeps the symptoms under control. For it to be effective, it has to be taken regularly, even if you do not notice an immediate effect.

How does bromhexine work?
This medication works by breaking some of the chemical bonds between the molecules in mucus. This makes bronchial mucus less thick and sticky and makes it easier to cough up.

Fast facts

Drug schedule: schedule 2

Available as: bromhexine is available a solution for inhalation or oral use.

What does it do? Bromhexine dissolves or breaks down mucus.

Overdose risk: low

Dependence risk: low

Is bromhexine available as a generic? no

Is bromhexine available on prescription only? no

User information

Stopping this medicine: do not stop taking this drug without consulting your doctor.

Special precautions
Consult your doctor before using this drug if:

  • you have asthma
  • you have a history of stomach ulcers
  • you have a kidney or liver disease

Pregnancy: avoid. It is unknown how this medication may affect your baby. Consult your doctor before using this drug, or if you are planning to fall pregnant.

Breastfeeding: avoid. It is unknown how this medication may affect your baby. Consult your doctor before use.

Porphyria: avoid. It is unknown how this medication may affect your condition. Consult your doctor before use.

Infants and children: this medication is safe for use in children at the recommended dose.

The elderly: no special precautions need to be taken.

Possible side effects

Side effect

Frequency

Consult your doctor

Common

Rare

Only if severe

In all cases

nausea/vomiting


x

x


diarrhoea


x

x


abdominal pain


x

x


headache


x

x


dizziness


x

x


confusion


x


x

fever


x


x

skin reactions – allergic


x


x

Interactions

Drug interactions

No known interactions.

Overdose action
A small overdose is no cause for concern. In case of intentional large overdose, seek emergency medical attention.

Recommended dosage
Adults, oral: 10 - 15ml three times a day. Adults,inhalation: dilute 1:1 with saline prior to inhalation – 4ml twice daily.

This material is not intended to substitute medical advice, but is for informational purposes only. Please consult a physician for specific treatment and recommendations.

 
 

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