Home > Medical > Meds and you > Antibiotics Antibiotics All sections in Meds and You » Antibiotics » Generics » Inside the Lab » Medication » News » Using Medicines Common bacteria becoming resistant to antibiotics A garden-variety type of bacteria, which is normally present in the human intestinal tract, may be becoming resistant to vancomycin, often considered an antibiotic of last resort. Improper use causing antibiotic resistance Antibiotic resistance is being allowed to spread through an entirely preventable means – improper use of antibiotics. What is an antibiotic? Put simply, antibiotics are drugs that either kill bacteria or stop them multiplying. Ask Addictions Expert » Test Using the wrong pills? » Quiz Addicted to pills? » Join Body Talk » Medical history Medicines that changed history When were antibiotics first used? The concept of using chemicals to kill bacteria (and thus treat infections) has been around for centuries. Aminoglycosides These antibiotics have been around for many years. The first aminoglycoside, streptomycin, was first discovered in the 1940’s, and was the first agent used to treat tuberculosis. When should or shouldn’t I take an antibiotic? Antibiotics should be used if you have a bacterial infection. Unfortunately, antibiotics are often prescribed unnecessarily. Do not use antibiotics unnecessarily There are a few reasons why you shouldn’t take antibiotics unnecessarily. How does an antibiotic work? This section describes the basic structure of bacteria and how antibiotics work. Glycopeptides The first glycopeptide, vancomycin, was isolated from the organism Streptomyces in the mid-1950s. Sulphur drugs Sulphur and sulphur containing compounds are one of the one oldest antimicrobial substances in clinical use. load more articles advertisement From our sponsors A number of good reasons why saving the tooth is a better option Breakfast like a King Alzheimer’s disease – incurable but preventable Cancer is a word that strikes fear into the hearts of many.