Home > Medical > Meds and you > Antibiotics Antibiotics All sections in Meds and You » Antibiotics » Generics » Inside the Lab » Medication » News » Using Medicines Extreme medicine: The search for new antibiotics As the world cries out for new antibiotics, researchers are turning back to nature in the hope that extreme places may throw up chemical novelties and lead to new drugs. Common bacteria becoming resistant to antibiotics A garden-variety type of bacteria, which is normally present in the human intestinal tract, may be becoming resistant to vancomycin, often considered an antibiotic of last resort. Improper use causing antibiotic resistance Antibiotic resistance is being allowed to spread through an entirely preventable means – improper use of antibiotics. Ask Addictions Expert » Test Using the wrong pills? » Quiz Addicted to pills? » Join Body Talk » Medical history Medicines that changed history What is an antibiotic? Put simply, antibiotics are drugs that either kill bacteria or stop them multiplying. How does an antibiotic work? This section describes the basic structure of bacteria and how antibiotics work. Glycopeptides The first glycopeptide, vancomycin, was isolated from the organism Streptomyces in the mid-1950s. Sulphur drugs Sulphur and sulphur containing compounds are one of the one oldest antimicrobial substances in clinical use. When were antibiotics first used? The concept of using chemicals to kill bacteria (and thus treat infections) has been around for centuries. Aminoglycosides These antibiotics have been around for many years. The first aminoglycoside, streptomycin, was first discovered in the 1940’s, and was the first agent used to treat tuberculosis. When should or shouldn’t I take an antibiotic? Antibiotics should be used if you have a bacterial infection. Unfortunately, antibiotics are often prescribed unnecessarily. load more articles advertisement From our sponsors Soothe your family’s coughs and colds Why hydration is important while exercising Taking charge of your health Man, take care of your health!