Malaria is one of the most serious tropical diseases and can be fatal if not diagnosed and treated at an early stage.
Prevention is better than cure
- Find out whether there is a risk of getting malaria at your holiday destination. The risk is lower during the cold and dry seasons.
- Take precautionary measures to prevent mosquito bites in all risk areas.
If recommended, take appropriate medication as directed.
- There is no prophylaxis that is 100 percent effective, but the correct medicine will reduce your risk of severe illness.
- Seek immediate medical attention if you have any “flu-like” symptoms for up to 6 months after leaving a malaria area.
Measures to avoid mosquito bites
- If possible, remain indoors between dusk and dawn (mosquitoes carrying malaria bite at night).
- Wear long-sleeved clothing, long trousers and socks when going out at night.
- Apply an insect repellent containing DEET to exposed skin at night.
- Sleep under a mosquito-proof bed-net, preferably one that has been treated with an approved insecticide.
- Spray inside with an insecticide spray, after closing windows and doors.
Take your medicines correctly
- Take only the medicines that have been proven to be effective for preventing malaria (mefloquine, doxycycline or atovaquone-proguanil) as recommended by a health professional.
- Start taking your medication before entering the malaria risk area.
- Take the medicine at the same time every day (or week, for weekly medication) with plenty of water, after a meal.
- Continue while in the malaria area and for 4 weeks after leaving the area (unless you are taking atovaquone-proguanil, in which case, take it for 7 days after leaving the area).
Early symptoms of malaria
- Muscular pain
Seek medical attention if you have any of the above symptoms.
Information supplied by AMAYEZA