About kidney and bladder

Urinary tract problems

Decreasing oestrogen levels can weaken muscles controlling the bladder and urethra (tube carrying urine from the bladder). Urinary tract tissue also becomes less elastic.

Urinary tract infection

Having a urinary tract infection is like having a nightmare - except that you wake up from a nightmare.

The lowdown on kidney stones

Women who have had kidney stones and who have had children generally agree that having kidney stones was a lot more painful than having a child.


Hypospadias is a congenital abnormality in which the opening of the urethra is situated anywhere on the underside of the penis, instead of at its tip.

Polycystic kidney disease

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder in which multiple cysts are found mainly in the kidneys, and which progresses to renal failure.

Take note of adrenal fatigue

Could chronic stress and adrenal fatigue be the reason why you’re feeling completely drained? Carry on reading to learn more.


Urethritis is inflammation of the urethra, the tube from the bladder through which urine is passed.

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