Hypertension

08 February 2012

Bread has high amounts of salt

According to the CDC, nine of 10 American adults consume too much salt and the leading culprit is not potato chips or popcorn but slices of bread and dinner rolls.

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According to the Centres for Disease Control, nine of 10 American adults consume too much salt and the leading culprit is not potato chips or popcorn but slices of bread and dinner rolls.

About 44% of salt consumed can be linked to 10 types of foods. Bread and rolls lead the list followed by cold cuts and cured meat, pizza, poultry, soups, sandwiches, cheese, pasta dishes, meat dishes and snacks such as pretzels and potato chips, said the CDC.

Bread may not have much salt in a single serving, but when eaten several times a day can raise daily salt intake. A single slice of white bread could contain as many as 230 mg of salt, according to the CDC.

The average American consumes 3 266 mg of salt daily, not counting salt added at the table, which is far above the recommended 2 300 mg, the CDC said.

For 60% of Americans, including those who are over age 51 or have high blood pressure or diabetes, 1 500 mg is the recommended daily salt limit.

Healthy foods have salt

Even foods that seem healthy such as cottage cheese may be high in salt, the agency reported. Even raw chicken and pork is often injected with salt.

The CDC recommended eating more fruits and vegetables and carefully reading the labels on food products to find those with the lowest salt content.

"Heart disease and stroke are leading causes of death in the United States and are largely dependent on the high rate of high blood pressure," said CDC Director Dr Thomas R. Frieden.

"One of the things that is driving blood pressure up is that most adults in this country eat or drink about twice the amount of sodium as is recommended," Dr Frieden said. "Most of that extra sodium comes from common grocery store and restaurant items and a very small proportion from the salt shaker at the table."

Nearly two-thirds of the salt consumed by Americans is found in store products, 24.8% from restaurants and the remainder from other sources such as vending machines and the home salt shaker, the study found.

Salt per calorie of food consumed was much higher at restaurants than from store-bought food, the CDC said.

Saving lives

Dr Frieden recommended that food producers and restaurants voluntarily reduce the amount of salt in their food. A 25% drop in the salt content of the top 10 sodium sources would save 28 000 lives a year, he estimates. It would also give consumers more choice, he said.

"People can choose how much food to add at the table," he said. "They can't take it out once it's there."

The Grocery Manufacturer's Association said that the food industry has been trying to reduce the salt content of thousands of products while keeping it tasty for consumers.

"While progress is being made, reducing sodium in products without affecting the taste or consumer acceptance of products is no easy task," the industry group said in a statement emailed to Reuters.

The group said that challenges of reducing salt include finding substitutes for it that maintain the taste, and making sure that food safety standards are met because salt is a major preservative in many foods.

(Reuters Health, David Beasley, February 2012)

Read more:

Top ten foods with hidden salt

 

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Dr Jacomien de Villiers qualified as a specialist physician at the University of Pretoria in 1995. She worked at various clinics at the Department of Internal Medicine, Steve Biko Hospital, these include General Internal Medicine, Hypertension, Diabetes and Cardiology. She has run a private practice since 2001, as well as a consultant post at the Endocrine Clinic of Steve Biko Hospital.

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