Hypertension

10 September 2014

90% of US children eat too much salt

A new study has found that 90% of US kids eat far more salt than the recommended guideline, putting them at greater risk of heart disease and high blood pressure in later life.

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Nine in 10 American children eat too much salt, greatly raising their risk of high blood pressure and heart disease as they grow older, experts said Tuesday.

More than 40 percent of the sodium children consume comes from what are typically their favourite foods, including pizza, sandwich meats, cheese, chicken nuggets and pasta dishes, said the report by the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention.

Kids aged 6-18 eat an average of about 3,300 milligrams of sodium a day before salt is added at the table, the report said. That is far higher than the 2,300 milligrams per day recommended by the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

"Too many children are consuming way too much sodium, and the result will be risks of high blood pressure and heart disease in the future," said CDC director Tom Frieden.

"Most sodium is from processed and restaurant food, not the salt shaker. Reducing sodium intake will help our children avoid tragic and expensive health problems."

Read: Obesity prevention keeps kids' blood pressure down

The data was based on findings from the CDC's 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Lunch and dinner tended to be the most salty meals of the day, said the report.

"Most sodium is already in food before you buy it or order it. About 65 percent comes from store foods, 13 percent from fast food and pizza restaurant foods, and nine percent from school cafeteria foods."

Parents and caregivers are urged to give kids plenty of fruit and vegetables, alongside wholesome, unprocessed foods as often as possible, the CDC said in a statement.

Schools could help by reducing sodium in food and putting lower-sodium alternatives in vending machines and cafeterias, it added.

"The dangerously high levels of sodium children are consuming demand action from the Food and Drug Administration," said the Centre for Science in the Public Interest, a consumer group.

"We are sentencing all too many children to premature death from heart disease and stroke."


Read more:
South Africans eat too much salt
Childhood obesity quadruples adult risk of hypertension
Yoghurt lowers risk of high blood pressure

Image: little caucasian boy eating burger, looking down from Shutterstock


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Dr Jacomien de Villiers qualified as a specialist physician at the University of Pretoria in 1995. She worked at various clinics at the Department of Internal Medicine, Steve Biko Hospital, these include General Internal Medicine, Hypertension, Diabetes and Cardiology. She has run a private practice since 2001, as well as a consultant post at the Endocrine Clinic of Steve Biko Hospital.

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