Home > Medical > Hypertension Hypertension All sections in Hypertension » About Hypertension » Medication » Effects on the Body » Explaining Hypertension » FAQs » Health Tips » Lifestyle Changes » Living with Hypertension » Measuring BP » Hypertension News » Real-life Story » Stress, Women & Obesity » Types of Blood Pressure » Risk Factors Childhood stress linked to higher blood pressure A new US study offers more evidence that childhood experience may have health effects that echo into adulthood. Red face after drinking suggests high blood pressure Flaxseed may reduce blood pressure Overweight kids risk high blood pressure Leisure-time exercise best for blood pressure See All Hypertension News » Hypertension Overview How is hypertension treated? What are the causes and types of hypertension? What are the symptoms of hypertension? What is hypertension? How is hypertension diagnosed? Who is at risk for hypertension? What is the prevalence of hypertension? What is Hypertension? Hypertension or high blood pressure is a chronic medical condition in which the pressure or tension in the arteries is elevated. It is often called the "silent disease" as it has no symptoms and can go undetected for years, damaging your tissues and vital organs. If you have hypertension, your heart works harder than it should to pump blood to distant tissues and organs. If this pressure isn't controlled, your heart enlarges and your arteries become scarred, hardened and less flexible. Eventually, your overworked heart may not be able to pump and transport blood properly through stiff arteries. This can result in heart disease, kidney disease, the hardening of the arteries, eye damage, and stroke. Hypertension can be caused by a number of factors including your genes, underlying disease and lifestyle. It is therefore important to go for regular blood pressure check-ups. Take Action Quiz Am I at risk for hypertension? » Ask CyberDoc » Quiz Are you ready to quit smoking? » Subscribe Newsletters » 10 salty food culprits 10 foods with hidden fat advertisement About hypertension 13 high blood pressure facts Hypertension: the ticking time bomb Hypertension See All About hypertension » Effects on the body Hypertension and other organs Hypertension and your eyes Hypertension and your heart Hypertension and your brain See All Effects on the body » FAQs How often do we need to be tested for hypertension? When is blood pressure too low and what can one do about it? Is high blood pressure bad? Is it OK to become pregnant if I have hypertension? See All FAQs » Living with hypertension Blood pressure, driver fitness and safe driving Changing your lifestyle Self-monitoring at home Hypertension in the elderly See All Living with hypertension » Real-life story Hypertension: never skip your medication 'I knew nothing about hypertension' A huff and a puff and a pinched arm See All Real-life story » Tools Am I at risk for hypertension? See All Tools » Your risk factors Why do some people have hypertension and not others? Hypertension, diabetes & the X-syndrome Who is at risk for hypertension? Risk factors you can control See All Your risk factors » Control through medication ARBs A-Z ACE inhibitors A-Z Calcium channel blockers A-Z Centrally-acting drugs A-Z See All Control through medication » Explaining hypertension What do the numbers mean? When is blood pressure considered high? Why worry about hypertension? What is blood pressure? A quick explanation See All Explaining hypertension » Lifestyle changes Don't overdose on salt this winter Shake your salt habit Are you eating too much salt? Using the Dash diet in South Africa See All Lifestyle changes » Measuring blood pressure Visiting your GP: Questions he/she will ask Visit your doctor: Routine and special investigations Visit your doctor: When to see a specialist A sphygmo… mano… what? See All Measuring blood pressure » Stress, women and obesity Hypertension: the silent killer 8 things you should know about hypertension The Pill and hypertension Hypertension and your weight See All Stress, women and obesity » Types of blood pressure Hypertension in the lungs Types of hypertension Primary hypertension Secondary hypertension See All Types of blood pressure » From our sponsors Your retirement - a healthy mindset So many people, why so alone? You can still enjoy the sweet things in life Take the sugar test, it could save your life.