Eating a low-salt diet is one of the most important lifestyle changes people with heart failure can make, but only a third adhere to the recommendation, a new study has found.
Researchers asked 116 people with heart failure to write down everything they ate for three days. Though the recommended daily intake of sodium for people with heart failure is 2 000mg, participants in the study were consuming an average of 2 671mg a day.
Many weren't purposefully ignoring doctor's recommendations, said study co-author Carolyn M. Reilly, a postdoctoral fellow at Emory University in Atlanta. Most thought they were taking steps to reduce their sodium by putting less salt on their foods, but she said they were focused on the wrong target.
Salt in processed food
About 70% of the sodium in the Western diet comes from processed foods such as canned soups, lunch meats and fast food, not from salt added to home-cooked meals.
Sodium is added to foods to give them a longer shelf life, enhance texture and mask bitterness.
"There is so much salt hidden in foods that patients aren't aware of," Reilly said in a news release from the American Heart Association.
The research was presented at the American Heart Association's 10th Scientific Forum on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research in Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke in Washington, US.
Minimise salt intake
The American Heart Association recommends that healthy people try to eat less than 2 300mg of salt a day. Some people should aim for less than 1 500mg a day.
"The patients themselves were shocked to find out they were eating more than 2 000mg of sodium a day," Reilly said.
Some of the highest-sodium foods eaten by the study participants included hot dogs, sausage and bacon, canned soups, salad dressings, condiments, fast food, cold meats, bread, pizza and processed entrees. - (HealthDay News, April 2009)
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