The eardrum is a thin layer of tissue that protects the middle and inner ear from the outside. It acts as a drum sending vibrations into the middle ear. The eardrum is very thin and can therefore easily rupture. When there is a hole in the eardrum the middle and inner ear are exposed to damage or infection.
A burst eardrum can be caused by a middle ear infection when liquid builds up in the middle ear and the pressure eventually breaks through the eardrum; or by trauma by sticking an earbud in too deep or a fall or sports injury; or rapid changes in pressure such as scuba diving, flying or even going up an escalator too fast.
Ear pain is the most common symptom, one can also experience spinning (vertigo), hearing loss, ringing or buzzing in the ear, or liquid or blood draining from the ear.
If you suspect your eardrum has burst you should see an ENT before trying to self medicate. A hearing test would also be necessary since a burst eardrum can affect your hearing.
I hope this helps.
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