If you have not yet seen an Audiologist for a full hearing evaluation, then this is now priority. Let me know if you need a referral to someone in your area (firstname.lastname@example.org). There are a number of possibilities for your sensitivity to specific sounds, one of which might be the type of hearing loss that you have. It is important to get to the root of your problem and to start with the correct treatment. The ringing that you are hearing is what we call tinnitus and again it has a number of possible causes. To name a few: Hearing loss, noise exposure, specific diseases, certain medication, blood pressure, vitamin deficiencies, alcohol, smoking, stress, etc. Again the important thing is to get to the root of the problem and to start treatment there. It will also be good for you to see an Ear, Nose and Throat Specialist, if you haven't already.
It is important to protect the hearing that you do have, so you can limit your exposure to noise. Wear hearing protection whenever necessary. The general rule is, that if you have to raise your voice in the environment that you are in, prolonged exposure could be harmful. The damage is related to both the level of noise and the exposure time to it.
Please let me know if you need any further information.
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