Lip reading is a coping mechanism that helps people all around the world, who are hard of hearing and deaf, deal with social isolation. It is a tried and tested method of grasping of what is being said but it’s not as simple as it might seem, with various senses and thought processes being employed.
Here is a rundown of the skills that you need to work on, and how to lip read, whether you are hard of hearing or not.
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According to UK charity Hearing Link, a good place to start is by working on the following skills:
• Training your eyes to stay focused on the tongue, lips and mouth of the person who is speaking.
• Learning how to notice changes in the facial expressions made by the person.
• Being acutely aware of body language and what it means. For example: an excited and enthusiastic person might have an open stance and make more energised movements.
• If you are experiencing hearing loss, using residual hearing can help you when starting to learn lip reading.
• Anticipation of what might be said next, based on what has been said before, especially because lots of words look similar on the mouth but might not fit in the situation. There is a video below that gives a good example of this.
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5 tips on how to start lip reading
Challenge yourself and see how you do with these tips from Lipreading.org to start you off on the right path:
• Body talk: Position yourself in a way that gives you the best chance to see the person who is speaking’s face and body language. You should be no more than about six feet apart. It could also be beneficial to mention that you are lip reading and remind them not to turn their face away.
• Cut yourself some slack: Don’t put too much pressure on yourself to catch every word the first few times. Getting stressed out and frustrated can also stop you from achieving your goal. Try to stay calm and use the subject matter and body language tips to help you.
• Let the rhythm guide you: Most people have their own cadence when speaking, and this can help you to read their lips by picking up rhythmic pauses, or when emphasis is placed on certain words.
• Practice and determination can be the key to success: Lip reading is not something that you can pick up overnight, but rather a skill that takes plenty of practice so that habits can form and become second nature. The more you do it the better that you will become.
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To help you with all of the above and to make it into a fun activity, here’s a fantastic video from the BBC called Charlie's Lip Reading Challenge:
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What to do if someone is lip reading while you speak:
• Avoid covering your mouth.
• Do not exaggerate your lip movements.
• Instead of repeating your words loudly, rather rephrase.
• Maintain eye contact.
• Move to an area with lighting that does not cast a shadow over your face.
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