The winter season is known as a time for comfort, warmth and for good food. Despite the fact, that it carries with it freezing cold temperatures and for many unfortunate individuals a dreaded headache.
Headaches in winter can be triggered by a number of things – such as the changes in temperature and weather, creating a change in barometric pressure. A headache can also persist after having a cold, which is more common in winter.
According to Dr Elliot Shevel the Medical Director at The Headache Clinic, if you are prone to getting headaches in winter, try the following methods to reduce your risk:
Eating healthily can reduce the risk of triggering a headache this winter. You should eat balanced meals that incorporate vegetables and fruit such as apples. Apples contain a detoxifying ingredient called pectin.
You should also include protein such as chicken. Eating chicken soup can be a good treatment for a winter illnesses, as chicken contains a natural antibiotic. Dietary headaches are a common affliction. These are usually triggered by foods that assist with energy which raise the blood quickly and allow it to drop quickly again. Low GI (Glycaemic Index) foods give a more even blood sugar level.
Common culprits include MSG, red wine, cheese, processed meats and coffee. Remember that skipping meals is a surefire trigger for headaches as well. Eat in moderation and enjoy meals.
Get sufficient vitamin D
Winter can exacerbate the symptoms of depression when we are more house-bound and less active outside. Depression has been shown to be a common risk factor to migraine and frequent headaches. While we can’t do anything about the natural rotation of the earth and the short sunlit days, we can help ourselves to feel better.
Vitamin D deficiency is common in the general population, and has been associated with a variety of diseases in multi-organ systems, including high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, heart attacks, stroke, osteoporosis, and depression.
An observational study presented at the 50th Annual Meeting of the American Headache Society, showed that 41.8% of patients with chronic migraine were deficient in Vitamin D, and the longer individuals have had chronic migraine, the more likely they are vitamin D deficient, and the more vulnerable they are to depression.
Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin, present in a few foods, added to others, and available as a dietary supplement. It is also produced when ultraviolet rays from sunlight hit the skin and trigger vitamin D synthesis by the liver and kidneys.
Get those zzz's!
A study published in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, tested 32 women with tension-type headache. The investigators studied self-report data on headache triggers, pain interference with sleep, and self-management strategies for pain. Of that 81% reported that going to sleep was the most frequently used self-management strategy, and this group also rated going to sleepas the most effective strategy.
So don’t lose out on sleep this winter. Fatigue is a major trigger of headaches as well, aim to sleep seven or eight hours a night.
Manage your stress
It may seem that there is nothing you can do about stress levels. The bills aren’t going to stop coming, there will never be more hours in the day for all your tasks and your career and family responsibilities will always be demanding.
You have a lot more control that you might think. In fact the simple realisation that you are in control of your life is a foundation of stress management. The ultimate goal is a balanced life with sufficient time for work, relationships, relaxation and fun-plus the resilience to hold up under pressure and meet challenges head on.
Do this by planning ahead and get sufficient rest each night. One should also take regular breaks to ensure that you don’t get overworked.
Wrapping up warm during winter can help to avoid headaches as the body is protected against blasts of cold wind, which can cause flu like symptoms including headaches. You should wear warm clothing that especially covers the chest, neck and head.
Dehydration is a common trigger, adequate intake of fluid throughout the day to prevent headaches. The human brain is more than 75% water, and it is very sensitive to the amount of water available to it. When the brain detects that the water supply is too low, it begins to produce histamines.
This is essentially a process of water rationing and conservation, in order to safeguard the brain in case the water shortage continues for a long period of time. The histamines directly cause pain and fatigue, in other words a headache and the low energy that usually accompanies it.
It is best to drink plain water, as many carbonated soft drinks contain substances that can also trigger headaches. Substances that headache sufferers should avoid include common ingredients in soft drinks such as caffeine and aspartames. Drinking green tea can also help to build the body's immune system to fight off viruses such as colds and flu.
Don’t take too much medication
Medication is only appropriate for someone who suffers with headache a few times a month. According to the International Headache Society, if you are taking headache medication more than twice a week you are at risk of developing Medication Overuse Headache.
This means that the drugs you are taking will cause the headache or migraine to become more severe and more frequent over time. This leads to a downward spiral into constant medication use and constant pain. The more medication you take, the more pain you are in, the more medication you need, and the cycle continues.
Keep track of your headaches
Find out what triggers your headaches by keeping a headache diary. Each time you suffer from a migraine, make a note about the warning signs, triggers, and severity. If you can discover some of your personal triggers, you may be able to avoid future headaches.
This is important as it will give your medical professional an accurate history of your headaches. Your specialist will then be able to diagnose conditions such as medication overuse headache and consider treating you through non-drug methods. A Migraine Diary is available at www.headacheclinic.co.za free of charge to assist you.
Get sufficient exercise
Taking part in physical activities are not only great fun, but also an important part of a healthy lifestyle. Take up some form of everyday physical activity that will help you stay healthy. Learn the right stretching exercises to stretch the muscles of the head, face, neck and jaw. Stretching should be gentle and soothing, not agonisingly painful.
For a free copy of the exercises, contact The Headache Clinic on 0861 678 911. These exercises will help you to stretch the neck and jaw muscles carefully and will give results.
Treating the underlying cause
If your headache persists after winter, it is imperative that you undergo a multidisciplinary investigation to diagnose the specific factors behind the recurring headache.
There are a number of healthier treatment options to medication available right here in South Africa. It is possible to get to the bottom of the problem and resolve the pain permanently so that you can enjoy the quality of life you deserve. A free headache education seminar will be held on the 30th June at the Linder Auditorium at 19:00. Bookings are essential as space is limited. To book contact Mary-lee on firstname.lastname@example.org.
For more information contact Mary-lee Cantor of the Migraine Research Institute and The Headache Clinic at 0861 678 911 or email@example.com
(Press release, Health24, May 2011)