Headache

Updated 15 February 2013

Nerve stimulation may help some with migraines

A nerve stimulator placed on the forehead may help prevent migraines among some regular sufferers - and it appears to be safe, according to a new trial.

A nerve stimulator placed on the forehead may help prevent migraines among some regular sufferers - and it appears to be safe, according to a new trial.

People who used the stimulation devices for a short period every day over three months had fewer headaches than those who used a sham stimulator, researchers said.

But the lead author of the study called the difference "not overwhelming."

"There's no universally effective therapy for migraine," said Dr Joel Saper, from the Michigan Head-Pain and Neurological Institute in Ann Arbor.

"Therefore, we need options, many options. There may be another option here which could be of value," said Dr Saper, who wasn't involved in the new research.

The headband-like devices used in the study, made by STX-Med, were donated by the company. In Belgium, where the trial was conducted, they cost about 300 Euros - or just over $400, said lead author Dr Jean Schoenen, from Liege University.

A company representative said that the device, known as Cefaly, has been submitted to the US Food and Drug Administration but has not yet been approved.

Dr Schoenen and his colleagues treated 67 migraine sufferers with the electrical nerve stimulator or an identical sham stimulator for 20 minutes every day for three months.

'Clear, but modest effects'

During that time, average monthly migraines fell from seven to five in the treatment group but held steady between six and seven in the control group.

Thirty-eight percent of headache sufferers in the treatment group had their number of monthly migraines at least cut in half, compared to 12% of controls.

"The effects are clear, but modest," Dr Schoenen said.

He said medications such as topiramate (Topamax) have better results than nerve stimulation - but they also come with side effects. Stimulation, on the other hand, wasn't linked to any serious side effects in the new study.

Dr Saper said he and his colleagues use this type of nerve stimulation in their practice. The device stimulates the trigeminal nerve.

"We have a certain number of our patients who benefit from that," he said. "But equally, a person with the same kind of headache won't respond to it."

People in the trial were average migraine patients who got one or two headaches per week, Dr Schoenen noted.

Not effective for everyone

"There is no proof at this time that this device is also effective in people with very severe or very frequent migraine attacks," he said.

"Those migraines patients who are very disabled, they should first be treated with the more effective drug treatments," such as topiramate.

The device can be used at home while people watch television, read or do housework, Dr Schoenen said - so using it for 20 minutes each day isn't too burdensome.

Because it won't work for everyone, he recommends migraine sufferers who are interested in trying nerve stimulation rent the device for a couple of months before buying one.

(Reuters Health, February 2013)

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Dr Elliot Shevel - Founder and Medical Director - The Headache Clinic, (Johannesburg, Durban, Cape Town) South Africa. The Headache Clinic is a multidisciplinary practice dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of Primary Headaches and Migraines. Dr Shevel is also the main author of all scientific publications generated by his team. Tertiary Education - Dr Shevel holds both Dental and Medical degrees, and practises as a specialist Maxillo-facial and Oral Surgeon.

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