HIV/Aids

Updated 06 June 2016

Circumcision on the rise at Africa’s only specialised urology hospital

Medical circumcisions are on the rise at Africa's only specialised urology hospital as more men hope to reduce their risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.

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Medical circumcision is on the rise at The Urology Hospital in SA as more males seek to minimise the risk of contracting HIV, STIs and other urinary infections.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) says there is compelling evidence that male circumcision reduces the risk of heterosexually-acquired HIV infection by about 60% and recommends this procedure for HIV prevention.

The WHO says 10-million men sought voluntary medical circumcision in sub-Saharan Africa over the last five years.

Read: Male circumcision: You still need to use a condom

The Urology Hospital in Pretoria, Africa’s only specialist urology institution, notes that the number of circumcisions there have increased by 42% since 2012.

“This is largely due to the fact that more people are becoming aware of the health advantages of circumcision, notably in HIV prevention,” said the hospital’s Dr Odion Aire.

In some African communities, circumcision at initiation schools is a rite of passage to manhood and is sometimes characterised by medical complications. In the Eastern Cape, for example, an average of 50 deaths were reported a year since 2012 due to botched circumcisions.

Read: Male circumcision: benefits outweigh risks

In SA where almost 18% of the population is living with HIV, the government’s National Strategic Plan on HIV, STI’s and TB includes promoting male circumcision to decrease HIV infections.

Advantages of circumcision:

- Reduces the spread of viral STDs, HIV, herpes, Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer

- Lowers the risk of developing penile cancer

- Reduces the risk of passing the virus that causes cervical cancer to female partners

Perceived disadvantages:

- Decrease of sexual stimulus

Read more:

How circumcision reduces HIV risk

Male circumcision lowers HIV risk for women

UN backs circumcision for HIV




 

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HIV/Aids expert

Dr Sindisiwe van Zyl qualified at the University of Pretoria before working for an HIV/AIDS NPO in Soweto for many years. She was named one of the Mail & Guardian's Top 200 Young South Africans in 2012.

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