Symptoms and diseases associated

Genital herpes

Genital herpes is a viral infection causing small, painful blisters.

Genital warts

Genital warts are caused by a family of similar sexually transmitted viruses.

Chlamydia trachomatis

Chlamydia trachomatis is a common cause of bacterial sexually transmitted infection.


Besides Aids, syphilis is the next most serious sexually transmitted disease. If left untreated, it will be fatal. It is caused by a bacterium called eponema pallidum.

Symptoms and phases of HIV infection & Aids

HIV/Aids is often called the “silent epidemic” due to the second stage of the disease that usually involves few if any symptoms. This means that a person can be infected for many years without showing any symptoms.


Gonorrhoea is one of the oldest known and most common sexually transmitted diseases.

The deadly alliance of STDs and HIV

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a major health issue in southern Africa. It has been estimated that over 1 million people seek treatment for STDs every year in private practices and municipal clinics.

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Ask the Expert

HIV/Aids expert

Dr Sindisiwe van Zyl qualified at the University of Pretoria before working for an HIV/AIDS NPO in Soweto for many years. She was named one of the Mail & Guardian's Top 200 Young South Africans in 2012.

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