Symptoms and diseases associated

Genital herpes

Genital herpes is a viral infection causing small, painful blisters that break open and turn into ulcers.

Genital warts (condyloma acuminata)

Genital warts have been described since ancient times. The viruses that cause the warts are varieties of the human papilloma virus (HPV).

Chlamydia trachomatis

Chlamydia trachomatis is a common cause of bacterial sexually transmitted infection.


Besides Aids, syphilis is the next most serious sexually transmitted disease. If left untreated, it will be fatal. It is caused by a bacterium called eponema pallidum.

Symptoms and phases of HIV infection & Aids

HIV/Aids is often called the “silent epidemic” due to the second stage of the disease that usually involves few if any symptoms. This means that a person can be infected for many years without showing any symptoms.


Gonorrhoea is one of the oldest known and most common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). It is caused by a bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhoea and is highly contagious.

Candidiasis (thrush)

Candidiasis, also known as "Candida" or "yeast", is an infection caused by strains of Candida fungi, especially Candida albicans. Candida normally lives harmlessly in the body

The deadly alliance of STDs and HIV

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a major health issue in southern Africa. It has been estimated that over 1 million people seek treatment for STDs every year in private practices and municipal clinics.

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Ask the Expert

HIV/Aids expert

Dr Sindisiwe van Zyl qualified at the University of Pretoria before working for an HIV/AIDS NPO in Soweto for many years. She was named one of the Mail & Guardian's Top 200 Young South Africans in 2012.

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