HIV/AIDS

Counselling

Basic counselling principles

The advent of HIV/Aids in the world has forced all of us to accept a paradigm shift from curing towards caring. Because we have no cure for HIV/Aids, we have to focus our interventions on caring for the physical as well as the psychological welfare of the HIV﷓positive individual and his or her significant others.

Basic communication skills

Since counselling is a conversation or dialogue between the counsellor and client, the counsellor needs certain communication skills in order to facilitate change.

Pre- and post- HIV test counselling

The HIV test is different from all other tests. It has phenomenal emotional, psychological, practical and social implications for the client.

Post-HIV test counselling

Not many things in life could be as stressful as going back for HIV test results. For many clients it feels as if the counsellor holds the key to the future in his or her hands.

Pre-HIV test counselling

The purpose of pre-test counselling is to provide you with information on the technical aspects of testing and the possible personal, medical, social, psychological, legal and ethical implications of being diagnosed as either HIV positive or HIV negative.

Impact of HIV infection on affected significant others

The significant others in an HIV positive person's life often need help themselves to come to terms with (1) their own fears and prejudices and (2) the implications and consequences of their loved one's sickness and ultimate death.

Bereavement counselling

The bereavement experienced by a person who has lost a loved one and the bereavement experienced by a terminally ill or dying person are very similar.

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Ask the Expert

HIV/Aids expert

Dr Sindisiwe van Zyl qualified at the University of Pretoria before working for an HIV/AIDS NPO in Soweto for many years. She was named one of the Mail & Guardian's Top 200 Young South Africans in 2012.
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