About HIV/Aids

HIV Wasting Syndrome

HIV Wasting Syndrome is the progressive and unintended loss of more than 10 percent of body weight.

Diagnosing HIV

This section explains the types of HIV tests available.

AIDS-related lymphoma

Lymphoma describes a group of cancers that affect the lymphatic system, which is part of the body's immune defense system.

AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma

Sarcoma is a type of cancer that develops in connective tissues like bone, cartilage, fat, blood vessels, muscle or fibrous tissues (related to tendons or ligaments).


The Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (Aids) is caused by infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).

HIV and cervical cancer

The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) that connects the uterus to the vagina (birth canal).

HIV and lung cancer

Lung cancer, also known as bronchogenic carcinoma ("carcinoma" means cancer), is the most fatal form of cancer, reports the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Gastrointestinal symptoms of HIV

Patients who have the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) commonly experience gastrointestinal (digestive) complications, including oral lesions, esophageal lesions, diarrhea, and anorectal diseases (disease that affects the anus and/or rectum).

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Ask the Expert

HIV/Aids expert

Dr Sindisiwe van Zyl qualified at the University of Pretoria before working for an HIV/AIDS NPO in Soweto for many years. She was named one of the Mail & Guardian's Top 200 Young South Africans in 2012.

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