Colds and flu

Updated 08 May 2009

1918 - where this flu came from

This deadly flu spread rapidly across the world - often with soldiers returning home from the battlefronts.

The first reported case of this flu occurred at Camp Funston, Kansas on the 4th of March 1918. On the 11th of March at Fort Riley in the same state a soldier reported sick with flu symptoms. By noon there were over a hundred cases and by the end of the week 500. It spread rapidly, but was reasonably mild.

By August 1918, however, the virus had transformed itself into something lethal and appeared almost simultaneously in France, Sierra Leone and Boston.

In New York in mid-October 1918, the death rate for a single day was 700 times higher than normal, with 851 people dying on one day. Within months, across the world, it had killed 20 million people, who died horribly, 'literally drowning as fluid filled their lungs'.

Sources for the whole section on the 1918 epidemic in South Africa: SA Railways and Harbour Magazine, December 1918; Phillips, Howard. South Africa's worst Demographic Disaster: The Spanish Influenza Epidemic of 1918. (South African Historical Journal, (20), 1988.

Map: the spread of the 1918 flu

Read more:
How do people get flu?
A day in the life of a flu virus - thoughts and confessions

 

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Flu expert

Dr Heidi van Deventer completed her MBChB (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) degree in 2004 at the University of Stellenbosch.
She has additional training in ACLS (Advanced Cardiac Life Support) and PALS (Paediatric Advanced Life Support) as well as biostatistics and epidemiology.

Dr Van Deventer is currently working as a researcher at the Desmond Tutu Tuberculosis Centre at the University of Stellenbosch.

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