First aid

Specific medical emergencies

Learn more about first aid for specific medical emergencies that commonly occur including basic care for boils, burns and abscesses and how to deal with animal bites, poisoning and hypothermia.

Animal bites

An animal bite can result in a break in the skin, a bruise, or a puncture wound. Some animals inject venom into the patient's skin when they bite. Venomous bites can be potentially deadly if left untreated.

Poisonous plants

Poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac are three of the most common causes of allergic skin reactions (contact dermatitis) in North America. When these plants cause a skin reaction, it is called Rhus dermatitis.

Hypothermia - from Natural Standard

Hypothermia is a potentially life-threatening condition that occurs when a person's internal body temperature is less than 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Normal body temperature is about 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. When hypothermia occurs, the body loses heat faster than it is able to produce heat.

Seizure and epilepsy

Most seizures last no longer than a few minutes and end spontaneously, but in some cases emergency help is essential.

Abscesses - from Natural Standard

An abscess is a collection of pus in any part of the body that is surrounded by swelling and inflammation. An abscess may develop, enlarge, or subside, depending upon the degree of infection by microorganisms, such as bacteria. Abscesses may develop in any organ and in the soft tissues beneath the skin in any area.

Burns - from Natural Standard

Burns are a type of traumatic injury caused by thermal (heat such as fire, steam, tar, or hot liquids), electrical, radiation (UV rays or radiation treatments), chemical, or electromagnetic energy.

Poisoning and toxicity

Poisoning and toxicity occurs when individuals drink, eat, breathe, inject, or touch enough of a chemical (also called a poison or toxin) to cause illness or death. A poison is any substance that is harmful to the body when eaten, breathed, injected, or absorbed through the skin. Any substance can be poisonous if enough is taken.


Fever is when body temperature rises above normal (over 37°C).

Asthma first aid

Asthma attacks are seldom fatal with prompt, correct treatment. Here's what to do.

load more