First aid

Head and spinal injuries

Learn more about first aid for head and spinal cord injuries including some of the common causes, symptoms and treatment.

Spinal cord injuries: pool precautions

Swimming pools may be the perfect place to exercise or relax on a hot summer day. But pools also provide the perfect environment for serious spinal cord injury to those who aren't careful.

Do you know what to do in such a crisis?

Each day, a South African suffers serious spinal injury. Of the survivors, some never walk again; others lose the use of all their limbs. Know how best to help.

Spinal cord injury

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is always an emergency: it could lead to chronic pain, paralysis or death.

Spinal cord injury: First aid

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is always a medical emergency as it could lead to chronic painful conditions, permanent paralysis or even death.

First aid for head injuries

Head injury or Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) occurs when a sudden physical assault on the head causes damage to the brain.

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