Home > Medical > First aid > Head and spinal injuries Head and spinal injuries All sections in First Aid » About First Aid » Bites and Stings » Breathing Emergencies » Burns » Crime » Drowning » Eye Injuries » FAqs » Head & Spinal Injuries » Health Tips » Heat Emergencies & Hypothermia » Multimedia » First Aid News » Real-life Story » Removing Foreign Objects » Safety First » Shock » Medical Emergencies » Sprains, Fractures and Dislocations » The Basics » Unconsciousness » Wounds & Bleeding Do you know what to do in such a crisis? Each day, a South African suffers serious spinal injury. Of the survivors, some never walk again; others lose the use of all their limbs. Know how best to help. First aid for head injuries Head injury or Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) occurs when a sudden physical assault on the head causes damage to the brain. Spinal cord injury Spinal cord injury (SCI) is always an emergency: it could lead to chronic pain, paralysis or death. Assess Am I at risk of a stroke? » Join Parenting Forum » Ask CyberDoc » Quiz Would you survive disaster? » Vinnie Jones' hard and fast hands-only CPR Breathe for me Testing level of consciousness, memory loss and coordination This section outlines how you test a person's level of consciousness, memory loss and coordination. load more articles advertisement From our sponsors Your retirement - a healthy mindset So many people, why so alone? You can still enjoy the sweet things in life Take the sugar test, it could save your life.