First aid

About first aid

Learn more about first-aid interventions for common ailments including insect bites, nosebleeds, cuts, scrapes, bruises and choking emergencies with information on some of the causes, symptoms and treatment options.

First aid for bruises

Most bruises are relatively minor and heal on their own over a period of about ten days.

First aid for cuts

What should you do if you have a cut? And where are stitches necessary?


A nosebleed is due to the rupture of fragile blood vessels that are easily damaged.

First aid for choking

Choking happens when an object, which is often a piece of food, gets stuck in the airway. We explain what to do when someone chokes.

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